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  3. Alexander II of Russia - Wikipedia

    Early life Grand prince Alexander Nikolaevich, 1830 Born in Moscow, Alexander Nikolayevich was the eldest son of Nicholas I of Russia and Charlotte of Prussia (eldest daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and of Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz ).

  4. Alexander II | Tsar of Russia, Reforms & Emancipation of ...

    Alexander II, emperor of Russia (1855–81). His liberal education and distress at the outcome of the Crimean War, which had demonstrated Russia’s backwardness, inspired him toward a great program of domestic reforms, the most important being the emancipation (1861) of the serfs. A period of

  5. Life of Alexander II, tsar of Russia | Britannica

    Alexander II, Russian Aleksandr Nikolayevich, (born April 29, 1818, Moscow, Russia—died March 13, 1881, St. Petersburg), Tsar of Russia (1855–81). He succeeded to the throne at the height of the Crimean War, which revealed Russia’s backwardness on the world stage. In response, he undertook drastic reform, improving communications ...

    • History of Russia Part 5
    • 13th March 1881: Assassination of Tsar Alexander II of Russia in St Petersburg by the People's Will
    • 3rd March 1861: Tsar Alexander II signs the Emancipation Manifesto
    • History of Russia Part 4
  6. Alexander II - Reforms, Abolition, Assassination | Britannica

    The sale of Alaska to the United States in 1867 was outweighed in importance by the acquisition of the Maritime Province from China (1858 and 1860) and the founding of Vladivostok as Russia’s far eastern capital (1860), the definitive subjugation of the Caucasus (in the 1860s), and the conquest of central Asia (Khiva, Bokhara, Turkestan) in the ...

  7. Russian Empire - Alexander II, Reforms, Autocracy | Britannica

    The emperor Alexander II was a man of weak character who possessed no steadfast views on politics. During the reign of his father he had sometimes surpassed Nicholas in reactionary intentions. The Crimean War proved too clearly the danger of Nicholas’s martinet system, however, and public opinion was too impetuous for Alexander to resist.

  8. Biography of Alexander II, Russia's Reformist Tsar - ThoughtCo

    Learn about the life and legacy of Alexander II, the nineteenth-century Russian emperor who abolished serfdom and reformed the military and judicial system. Find out how he was assassinated by a group of revolutionaries in 1881 and what his reforms meant for Russia and the world.

  9. Russia - From Alexander II to Nicholas II | Britannica

    Russia. Russia - From Alexander II to Nicholas II: Defeat in Crimea made Russia’s lack of modernization clear, and the first step toward modernization was the abolition of serfdom. It seemed to the new tsar, Alexander II (reigned 1855–81), that the dangers to public order of dismantling the existing system, which had deterred Nicholas I ...

  10. The Reforms of Tsar Alexander II | History Today

    Carl Peter Watts examines a set of reforms which held out the prospect of modernising Russia but whose failure paved the way for revolution. Alexander II’s ‘great reforms’ stand out as among the most significant events in nineteenth century Russian history. Alexander became known as the ‘Tsar Liberator’ because he abolished serfdom in ...

  11. Alexander Ii |

    (1818 – 1881), tsar and emperor of Russia from 1855 to 1881. Alexander Nicholayevich Romanov is largely remembered for two events — his decision to emancipate the serfs and his assassination at the hands of revolutionaries.

  12. Alexander II of Russia - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ...

    Alexander II ( Russian: Алекса́ндр II Никола́евич; 29 April 1818 – 13 March 1881) (Old Style dates) was the Emperor of Russia, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland from 2 March 1855 until his assassination. [1] He is most famous for freeing the serf s in his Emancipation reform of 1861 . References ↑ D.M.W. (1910). "ALexander II (1818–1881)".