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  2. Alfonso X el Sabio, rey de Castilla y León -

    Alfonso IX was the first King in Western Europe who summoned the citizens to the Parliament (León's Cortes of 1188). He also founded the University of Salamanca in 1208. Alfonso X (23 November 1221 – 4 April 1284) was a Castilian monarch who ruled as the King of Castile, León and Galicia from 1252 until his death.

  3. In 1257, due to a series of fortuitous and controversial circumstances, Alfonso X was elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, being a direct descendant of the German dynasty Hohenstaufen. He is also remembered for his patronage in spreading the arts and in particular literature, and for some of his scientific essays. Castilian Monarch.

  4. Alfonso X. El Sabio: Language and Law. - Spain Then and Now

    Alfonso X, king of Castile-León from 1252 until 1284, figures prominently in Spanish history more for his cultural achievements than his political judgment. He recognised the need to unite the disparate Christian communities that he inherited from his father, Ferdinand III of Castile-León.

  5. Alfonso X of Castile (1221 – 1284) On November 23, 1221, Spanish King and astronomer Alfonso X of Castile was born, who encouraged the preparation of revised planetary tables. These “ Alfonsine Tables ” a revision and improvement of the Ptolemaic tables, were the best available during the Middle Ages. “Had I been present at the Creation ...

  6. Alfonso X of Castile - Wikiquote

    Alfonso X ( November 23, 1221 – April 4, 1284) was a Spanish monarch who ruled as the King of Galicia, Castile and León from 1252 until his death. He was elected Rex Romanorum in 1254. His nicknames were "el Sabio" ("the Wise", more accurately translated "the Learned") and "el Astrólogo" ("the Astrologer").

  7. Libro de los juegos - Wikipedia

    The Libro de los juegos (Spanish: "Book of games"), or Libro de axedrez, dados e tablas ("Book of chess, dice and tables", in Old Spanish), was a Spanish translation of Arabic texts on chess, dice and tables (backgammon forebears) games, [1] commissioned by Alfonso X of Castile, Galicia and León and completed in his scriptorium in Toledo in 1283.

  8. Siete Partidas - Wikipedia

    Siete Partidas. First page of a 1555 version of the Siete Partidas, as annotated by Gregorio López. The Siete Partidas ( Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsjete paɾˈtiðas], " Seven-Part Code ") or simply Partidas, was a Castilian statutory code first compiled during the reign of Alfonso X of Castile (1252–1284), with the intent of establishing a ...

  9. Sancho IV | Reconquista, Alfonso VIII & Ferdinand III

    Sancho IV, king of Castile and Leon from 1284 to 1295, second son of Alfonso X. Though ambitious and ruthless, he was also an able politician and a cultivated man. In 1275 his elder brother, Fernando de la Cerda, was killed, leaving a son, Alfonso de la Cerda, heir to Alfonso X. Sancho, supported b

  10. Alfonso X the Wise, the King who Launched the Copernican ...

    And yet, in those dark times, there was born a rare luminary would go on to facilitate what three centuries later would become the Copernican revolution: King Alfonso X of Castile, called The Wise. It’s not that King Alfonso (23 November 1221 – 4 April 1284) wasn’t dedicated to the usual pastimes of the monarchs of his time, that is to ...

  11. General Estoria - Wikipedia

    General Estoria. The General estoria ("General History") is a universal history written on the initiative of Alfonso X of Castile (1252–1284), known as el Sabio (the Wise). The work was written in Old Spanish, a novelty in this historiographical genre, up until then regularly written in Latin. The work intended to narrate the world’s ...

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