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  2. Alfonso X, Relief Portrait | Architect of the Capitol

    Gaetano Cecere. Year. 1950. Location. House Chamber. Alfonso X, the "Wise" (1221-1284) King of León and Castile. Author of the Royal Code, a compilation of local legislation for general use. Originator of The Seven Parts, the code used as a basis for Spanish jurisprudence. The 23 marble relief portraits over the gallery doors of the House ...

  3. The introduction states that the work was prepared in Toledo, Spain, for King Alfonso X of León and Castile under the direction of Jehuda ben Moses Cohen and Isaac ben Sid. Although no Castilian version survives, internal evidence—they were calculated for 1252, the initial year of the reign of Alfonso, and at the meridian of Toledo ...

  4. The Revolt of the Nobles and the Journey to the Empire. Download. XML. The Benimerines and the Succession Crisis. Download. XML. The End of the Reign. Download. XML.

  5. Alfonso X of Castile-León

    Alfonso X, Las Cantigas de Santa María, Códice rico, MS T.I.1 Real Biblioteca del Monasterio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial, ed. L. Fernández Fernández and J.C. Ruiz Souza, 2 vols, (Madrid, 2011) CCCM Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio medievalis EHR English Historical Review Emperor of Culture Emperor of Culture: Alfonso X the Learned of Castile

  6. Alfonso X el Sabio and the Cantigas de Sta. Maria.

    Alfonso X el Sabio and the Cantigas de Sta. María. Alfonso X, king of Castile (r. 1252-1284) and poet and historian, was a passionate promoter of Castilian, making it rather than Latin the language of the court and all official matters relating to his kingdom. This was a radical step since Latin was the universal language of the time, used in ...

  7. Alfonso IX of León - Wikipediaón

    Catholicism. Alfonso IX (15 August 1171 – 23 or 24 September 1230) was King of León and Galicia from the death of his father Ferdinand II in 1188 until his own death. He took steps towards modernizing and democratizing his dominion and founded the University of Salamanca in 1212. In 1188 he summoned the first parliament reflecting the ...

  8. HOASM: Alfonso X ('El Sabio')

    A patron of Castilian literature and historiography, and of the arts, he initiated the study of music at Salamanca University. Many troubadours found favor at his court, and it was here that the MS known as the Cantigas de Santa María comprisong over 400 songs was compiled; Alfonso himself may have composed some of its melodies. It has been ...

  9. Alfonso X of Castilla: Biography and Cultural Contributions

    References. Alfonso X of Castile (1221-1284), also known as “el Sabio”, was a Spanish monarch who ruled the kingdoms of Castilla y León between 1252 and 1284. During his tenure he made considerable economic reforms regarding the currency and the property, which ended up being very beneficial for the inhabitants of his kingdom.

  10. Why Alfonso X was called ‘the Wise’? - Fascinating Spain

    Alfonso X of Castile is known as the Wise because he is considered the precursor of several of the most important cultural works of medieval Spain. He surrounded himself with a fantastic group of experts in several fields, from scientists to poets, magicians to scholars of various disciplines. The School of Translators of Toledo was born under ...

  11. Toledo School of Translators - Wikipedia

    Alfonso X of Castile, The Wise, dictating the Cantigas de Santa Maria . Al-Razi's Recueil des traités de médecine translated by Gerard of Cremona, second half of the 13th century. Gerard of Cremona was the most productive of the Toledo translators at the time, translating more than 87 books in Arabic science.

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