Mother. Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia. Signature. Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Augusta Marie Luise Katharina; 30 September 1811 – 7 January 1890) was Queen of Prussia and the first German Empress as the wife of Wilhelm I, German Emperor .
Augusta was the third and last child of her parents' marriage. She was described as unattractive, but cheerful and wise. On 17 June 1851, she married Prince Hermann of Saxe-Weimar and Eisenach. He was her age and served in the Cavalry of Württemberg as an officer.
Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: The First German Empress. Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was born on September 30th, 1811, as the second daughter and third child of Charles Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, and Maria Pavlovna of Russia. Augusta’s mother was the granddaughter of Catherine the Great, Tsarina of Russia, making Augusta ...
Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach – The first German Empress (Part one) Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was born on 30 September 1811 as the daughter of Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia. The disappointment in her gender was great as she was not the hoped-for heir.
The woman selected to be his wife, Princess Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, had been raised in the more intellectual and artistic atmosphere of Weimar, which gave its citizens greater participation in politics and limited the powers of its rulers through a constitution;   Augusta was well known across Europe for her liberal views. 
Augusta de Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach décéda le 7 janvier 1890 à Berlin, elle fut inhumée aux côtés de son époux dans le mausolée construit dans le parc du château de Charlottenburg. Le 20 mars suivant, le prince de Bismarck est démis de ses fonctions par le jeune empereur Guillaume II qui compte veiller seul aux destinées de l'Allemagne.
The Weimar Republic, [b] officially named the German Reich, was a historical period of Germany from 9 November 1918 to 23 March 1933, during which it was a constitutional federal republic for the first time in history; hence it is also referred to, and unofficially proclaimed itself, as the German Republic.