Berlin ( / bɜːrˈlɪn / bur-LIN, German: [bɛʁˈliːn] ( listen))  is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population.   Its 3.6 million inhabitants make it the European Union 's most populous city, according to population within city limits. 
Berlin, capital and chief urban centre of Germany. The city lies at the heart of the North German Plain, athwart an east-west commercial and geographic axis that helped make it the capital of the kingdom of Prussia and then, from 1871, of a unified Germany. Berlin’s former glory ended in 1945, but the city survived the destruction of World War II.
Berlin is not just Germany's political center, but is also among the most dynamic economic regions in Europe. more © Messe Berlin GmbH Trade Fairs The most important trade fairs, congresses and conventions in Berlin. more Business in Berlin Labor Market in Berlin Science & Innovation History © dpa The History of Berlin
Besides the top sights, Berlin has a lot more to offer. Berlin has been the stage for a lot of world history and not just the fall of the Berlin Wall. You can still discover the traces of history in countless places around the capital. You can also explore traces of history in the modernist housing estates, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
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Berlin is well-known for its impressive art scene, and some of the best—and most unusual—art venues are just beyond the city's borders. Essential Berlin Do Places to see, ways to wander, and signature experiences that define Berlin. See all 2022 East Side Gallery 16,737 Historic Sites, Points of Interest & Landmarks 2022 Brandenburg Gate 46,276
At this time the population of Berlin, the capital of the German Empire, was 826,000. The population continued to grow rapidly (1880: 1,300,000; 1925: 4,000,000). From the 18th to the late 20th century, French, Jewish, Dutch, Polish, Russian, Austrian, and Turkish immigrants contributed to the population mix of the metropolitan area.