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  2. Berlin Wall - Wikipedia

    The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer, pronounced [bɛʁˌliːnɐ ˈmaʊ̯ɐ] ) was a guarded concrete barrier that encircled West Berlin from 1961 to 1989, separating it from East Berlin and East Germany (GDR). Construction of the Berlin Wall was commenced by the government of the GDR on 13 August 1961.

  3. Berlin Wall - History, Dates & The Fall - HISTORY

    The Berlin Wall stood until November 9, 1989, when the head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR could cross the border whenever they pleased. That night,...

  4. Berlin Wall | Definition, Length, & Facts | Britannica

    Berlin Wall, German Berliner Mauer, barrier that surrounded West Berlin and prevented access to it from East Berlin and adjacent areas of East Germany during the period from 1961 to 1989. In the years between 1949 and 1961, about 2.5 million East Germans had fled from East to West Germany , including steadily rising numbers of skilled workers, professionals, and intellectuals .

  5. Why the Berlin Wall rose—and how it fell - History

    The Berlin Wall stretched for almost 27 miles across the city and employed landmines, dogs, and barbed wire to discourage escape attempts. Still, over 5,000 people managed to reach western...

  6. Fall of Berlin Wall: How 1989 reshaped the modern world

    It was on 9 November 1989, five days after half a million people gathered in East Berlin in a mass protest, that the Berlin Wall dividing communist East Germany from West Germany crumbled. East...

  7. Berlin Wall built - HISTORY

    In the West, the Berlin Wall was regarded as a major symbol of communist oppression. About 5,000 East Germans managed to escape across the Berlin Wall to the West, but the frequency of...

  8. All About the Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall - ThoughtCo

    Erected in the dead of night on August 13, 1961, the Berlin Wall (known as Berliner Mauer in German) was a physical division between West Berlin and East Germany. Its purpose was to keep disaffected East Germans from fleeing to the West. When the Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989, its destruction was nearly as instantaneous as its creation.

  9. Berlin Wall | A Visual Guide to the Cold War

    The Berlin Wall (1961-1989) was a guarded, concrete wall between West Berlin (controlled by the Western Allies) and East Berlin (the Soviet sector of Berlin and the capital of East Germany). It was constructed by East Germany, officially known as the German Democratic Republic, and was described by its government as a barrier protecting its people from “fascist elements.”

  10. Berlin Wall - WorldAtlas

    The Berlin Wall was built in Berlin, Germany in 1961. The Berlin Wall was built by the East Germans to prevent people in East Berlin from crossing into West Berlin. Between 1961 and 1988, more than 600 people died trying to cross the Berlin Wall from East Berlin into West Berlin. The Berlin Wall was torn down in 1989, after the East German government allowed its people to cross the border into West Berlin freely.

  11. Berlin Wall |

    The Berlin Wall finally fell on 9 November 1989: The fall of the Berlin Wall went down in world history.. The city recalls the victims of the division of Germany at many Berlin Wall sites, museums and memorial sites, such as the Tränenpalast (Palace of Tears), the Berlin Wall Memorial in Bernauer Strasse, and the Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial, a former Stasi remand prison.