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  2. Berlin Wall - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Wall

    The Berlin Wall (German: Berliner Mauer, pronounced [bɛʁˌliːnɐ ˈmaʊ̯ɐ] ) was a guarded concrete barrier that encircled West Berlin from 1961 to 1989, separating it from East Berlin and East Germany (GDR). Construction of the Berlin Wall was commenced by the government of the GDR on 13 August 1961. It included ...

  3. Berlin Wall | Definition, Length, & Facts | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/topic/Berlin-Wall

    Berlin Wall, German Berliner Mauer, barrier that surrounded West Berlin and prevented access to it from East Berlin and adjacent areas of East Germany during the period from 1961 to 1989. In the years between 1949 and 1961, about 2.5 million East Germans had fled from East to West Germany, including steadily rising numbers of skilled workers, professionals, and intellectuals.

  4. Berlin Wall - History, Dates & The Fall - HISTORY

    www.history.com/topics/cold-war/berlin-wall

    The Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989. On August 13, 1961, the Communist government of the German Democratic Republic (GDR, or East Germany) began to build a barbed wire and concrete.

  5. Berlin Wall | A Visual Guide to the Cold War

    coldwar.unc.edu/theme/berlin-wall

    The Berlin Wall (1961-1989) was a guarded, concrete wall between West Berlin (controlled by the Western Allies) and East Berlin (the Soviet sector of Berlin and the capital of East Germany). It was constructed by East Germany, officially known as the German Democratic Republic, and was described by its government as a barrier protecting its ...

  6. All About the Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall - ThoughtCo

    www.thoughtco.com/the-berlin-wall-28-year-history-1779495

    Updated on January 30, 2020. Erected in the dead of night on August 13, 1961, the Berlin Wall (known as Berliner Mauer in German) was a physical division between West Berlin and East Germany. Its purpose was to keep disaffected East Germans from fleeing to the West. When the Berlin Wall fell on November 9, 1989, its destruction was nearly as ...

  7. Berlin Wall - WorldAtlas

    www.worldatlas.com/geography/berlin-wall.html

    The Berlin Wall was built by the East Germans to prevent people in East Berlin from crossing into West Berlin. Between 1961 and 1988, more than 600 people died trying to cross the Berlin Wall from East Berlin into West Berlin. The Berlin Wall was torn down in 1989, after the East German government allowed its people to cross the border into ...

  8. Why the Berlin Wall rose—and how it fell - History

    www.nationalgeographic.com/history/article/why-berlin-wall-built-fell

    The Berlin Wall stretched for almost 27 miles across the city and employed landmines, dogs, and barbed wire to discourage escape attempts. Still, over 5,000 people managed to reach western Europe.

  9. Berlin Wall built - HISTORY

    www.history.com/this-day-in-history/berlin-wall-built

    Berlin Wall built. Two days after sealing off free passage between East and West Berlin with barbed wire, East German authorities begin building a wall—the Berlin Wall—to permanently close off ...

  10. Fall of Berlin Wall: How 1989 reshaped the modern world

    www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-50013048

    It was on 9 November 1989, five days after half a million people gathered in East Berlin in a mass protest, that the Berlin Wall dividing communist East Germany from West Germany crumbled. East ...

  11. The History and Meaning of the Berlin Wall | AIER

    www.aier.org/article/the-history-and-meaning-of-berlin-wall

    The Berlin Wall came to symbolize the Cold War and its division of the world into halves, one half still relatively free and the other half under the most brutal and comprehensive tyranny ever experienced by man in modern history. Nothing was supposed to cross the Iron Curtain of barb wire fences, landmined farm fields, and machine-gun ...