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Frederick William I ( German: Friedrich Wilhelm I.; 14 August 1688 – 31 May 1740), known as the Soldier King ( German: Soldatenkönig  ), was King in Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg from 1713 until his death in 1740, as well as Prince of Neuchâtel. Frederick William instituted major military reforms, and expanded the Prussian Army.
Prince Augustus William of Prussia ( German: August Wilhelm; 9 August 1722 – 12 June 1758) was the son of King Frederick William I of Prussia and a younger brother and general of Frederick the Great . Augustus was the second surviving son of Frederick William I and Sophia Dorothea.
He was left in the care of his grand-uncle Ernest Augustus, Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück, and did not see his parents again for 14 years. In 1722, Frederick was inoculated against smallpox by Charles Maitland on the instructions of his mother, Caroline. 
Though Frederick III held the elevated status of a prince elector, this status was also gained by Maximilian I of Bavaria in 1623, during the Thirty Years' War, also by the Elector of the Palatinate in the Peace of Westphalia (1648), and by Ernest Augustus of the House of Hanover in 1692.
Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia ( German: Sophia Dorothea Marie von Preußen; 25 January 1719 – 13 November 1765) was the ninth child and fifth daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. By marriage, she was a Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt . Biography Marriage and children
Prince Ernest Augustus, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale Ernst August, Crown Prince of Hanover, was the only son of George V of Hanover and Marie of Saxe-Altenburg . Although he was the senior male-line great-grandson of George III , the Duke of Cumberland was deprived of his British peerages and honours for having sided with Germany in ...
Youth and education House of birth in Brunswick (destroyed in World War II) Caricature of Abraham Gotthelf Kästner by Gauss (1795) Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was born on 30 April 1777 in Brunswick (Braunschweig), in the Duchy of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (now part of Lower Saxony, Germany), to a family of lower social status. 
エルンスト・アウグスト （ Ernst August ， 1771年 6月5日 - 1851年 11月18日 ）は、第4代 ハノーファー 王。 イギリス 王族でもあり、 グレートブリテン貴族 カンバーランド公 （1799-1851）の爵位を持つ。 英語名は アーネスト・オーガスタス （ Ernest Augustus ）。 生涯 イギリス王族として イギリス王 兼ハノーファー王 ジョージ3世（ゲオルク3世） と シャーロット 王妃の五男として、1771年6月5日に ロンドン のバッキンガム・ハウス（現 バッキンガム宮殿 ）で生まれ、7月1日に セント・ジェームズ宮殿 で洗礼を受けた  。
THE HISTORICAL MARKER DATABASE “Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”