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  2. François-Noël Babeuf - Wikipediaçois-Noël_Babeuf

    François-Noël Babeuf (French: [fʁɑ̃swa nɔɛl babœf]; 23 November 1760 – 8 Prarial, Year V [27 May 1797]), also known as Gracchus Babeuf, was a French proto-communist, revolutionary, and journalist of the French Revolutionary period.

  3. François-Noël Babeuf | French Revolutionary, Political ...

    François-Noël Babeuf (born November 23, 1760, Saint-Quentin, France—died May 27, 1797, Vendôme) early political journalist and agitator in Revolutionary France whose tactical strategies provided a model for left-wing movements of the 19th century and who was called Gracchus for the resemblance of his proposed agrarian reforms to those of ...

  4. The Marxist Before Marx - Foundation for Economic Education

    Babeuf was, as the title of a biography attests, the world’s first revolutionary communist. Babeuf's Mental Condition. He was born Francois-Noel Babeuf in 1760 in northeastern France. He changed his first name twice in later life—first to “Camille” and later to “Gracchus.”

  5. Francois-noel Babeuf |

    The French political revolutionist and writer François Noel Babeuf (1760-1797) was active during the French Revolution. He was among the first to advocate socialism as a political institution for solving the problems of society. François Babeuf was born in Saint-Quentin on Nov. 25, 1760.

  6. François-Noël Babeuf and his role in the French Revolution

    François-Noël Babeuf, (born Nov. 23, 1760, Saint-Quentin, France—died May 27, 1797, Vendôme), French political journalist and agitator. During the era of the French Revolution he advocated an equal distribution of land and income.

  7. Conspiracy of the Equals - Wikipedia

    The Conspiracy of the Equals ( French: Conjuration des Égaux) of May 1796 was a failed coup d'etat during the French Revolution. It was led by François-Noël Babeuf, who wanted to overthrow the Directory and replace it with an egalitarian and proto- socialist republic, inspired by Jacobin ideals.

  8. Encyclopædia Britannica, Ninth Edition/Babeuf, François-Noelædia_Britannica...

    BABEUF, François-Noel, surnamed by himself Gracchus Babeuf, the earliest of the French socialists, was bom in 1762, in the department of Aisne. From his father, a major in the Austrian army, he received special instruction in mathematics, but was deprived of him by death at the age of sixteen.

  9. François-Noël "Gracchus" Babeuf (1760-1797), French political agitator and journalist best known for the Conspiracy of Equals, engraving by François Bonneville, 1794. Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris.

  10. François-Noël Babeuf - Wikiwandçois-Noël_Babeuf

    François-Noël Babeuf , also known as Gracchus Babeuf, was a French proto-communist, revolutionary, and journalist of the French Revolutionary period. His newspaper Le tribun du peuple was best known for its advocacy for the poor and calling for a popular revolt against the Directory, the government of France.

  11. Babeuf, François-Noël | SpringerLink

    Gracchus Babeuf, considered by posterity as the head of the “first active communist party” (Marx 1845), never claimed to be a communist. And yet this word appeared in political vocabulary in 1795. But even in 1796, Babeuf still spoke at the most of “communitism,” of real equality, and of founding a society of co-partners.