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  2. Friedrich Paulus summary | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/summary/Friedrich-Paulus

    Friedrich Paulus, (born Sept. 23, 1890, Breitenau, Ger.—died Feb. 1, 1957, Dresden, E.Ger.), German general in World War II. He became deputy chief of the German General Staff in World War II and commanded the German 6th Army in the Soviet Union.

  3. Friedrich Paulus - Oxford Reference

    www.oxfordreference.com/display/10.1093/oi/...

    Friedrich Paulus (1890—1957) Quick Reference (b. 23 Sept. 1890, d. 1 Feb. 1957). German field marshal In January 1942 he became commander of the 6th Army, with which he took the city of Stalingrad in November 1942. He was encircled by the Red Army, however, and following Hitler's orders he refused to break out or capitulate for as long as possible.

  4. Friedrich Paulus - Jewish Virtual Library

    www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/friedrich-paulus

    (1880 - 1957) Support JVL Friedrich Paulus was born in Breitenau, Germany, on September 23, 1890. The son of a treasurer, Paulus attempted to become an officer-cadet in the German Navy but was rejected because of his lack of aristocratic blood. After briefly studying law at the University of Marburg he joined the German Army in 1910.

  5. General Paulus to Hitler: Let us surrender! - HISTORY

    www.history.com/this-day-in-history/von-paulus...

    German Gen. Friedrich Paulus, commander in chief of the German 6th Army at Stalingrad, urgently requests permission from Adolf Hitler to surrender his position there, but Hitler refuses.

  6. Friedrich Paulus - Wikiwand

    www.wikiwand.com/en/Friedrich_Paulus

    Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Paulus (23 September 1890 – 1 February 1957) was a German field marshal during World War II who is best known for commanding the 6th Army during the Battle of Stalingrad (August 1942 to February 1943).

  7. Battle of Stalingrad and its outcome | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/summary/Battle-of-Stalingrad

    In November the Soviets counterattacked and encircled the German army led by Friedrich Paulus, who surrendered in February 1943 with 91,000 troops. The Axis forces (Germans, Romanians, Italians, and Hungarians) suffered 800,000 deaths; in excess of 1,000,000 Soviet soldiers died.

  8. Friedrich Paulus | eHISTORY

    ehistory.osu.edu/biographies/friedrich-paulus

    Friedrich Paulus served as a staff officer in World War I and became deputy chief of staff of the Army General Staff (OKH) in 1940 during World War II. Paulus was key contributor to the planning of Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union.

  9. Friedrich Paulus: The German Field Marshal On the Soviet ...

    www.warhistoryonline.com/.../friedrich-paulus.html

    Operation Barbarossa Friedrich Paulus with other German officers at a field airport, January 1942. (Photo Credit: ullstein bild / Getty Images) In August 1940, Friedrich Paulus was, again, promoted, this time to generalleutnant, and named the deputy chief of the German General Staff just one month later.

  10. Battle of Stalingrad - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Stalingrad

    The Battle of Stalingrad [19] (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) [20] [21] [22] was a major battle on the Eastern Front of World War II where Nazi Germany and its allies unsuccessfully fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (later renamed Volgograd) in Southern Russia.

  11. Why was Nazi Field Marshal Paulus on the Soviet payroll

    www.rbth.com/arts/history/2017/08/28/why-was...

    Friedrich Paulus (1890-1957), who commanded Germany’s Sixth Army in World War II and lost the Battle of Stalingrad, was taken captive in 1943. In a little-known episode of wartime history, Soviet...