Illustration of descent of John of Gaunt and of his first wife, Blanche of Lancaster, from King Henry III. John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (6 March 1340 – 3 February 1399) was an English royal prince, military leader, and statesman. He was the fourth son (third to survive infancy as William of Hatfield died shortly after birth) of King Edward III of England, and the father of King Henry IV.
John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, also called (1342–62) earl of Richmond, or (from 1390) duc (duke) d’Aquitaine, (born March 1340, Ghent—died February 3, 1399, London), English prince, fourth but third surviving son of the English king Edward III and Philippa of Hainaut; he exercised a moderating influence in the political and constitutional struggles of the reign of his nephew Richard II.
"John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, KG (6 March 1340 – 3 February 1399) was a member of the House of Plantagenet, the third surviving son of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault. He was called "John of Gaunt" because he was born in Ghent, then rendered in English as Gaunt.
Born in 1340 as the younger brother of the Black Prince, John of Gaunt's life is captivating. John was a brave leader, first setting foot on the battlefield at the age of 10. Later, as one of the richest men in the country, he would uphold chivalric values, support early religious reform and champion a renaissance of art and literature in England.
John of Gaunt. Original Name. John Plantagenet. Birth. 6 Mar 1340. Ghent, Arrondissement Gent, East Flanders (Oost-Vlaanderen), Belgium. Death. 3 Feb 1399 (aged 58) Leicester, Leicester Unitary Authority, Leicestershire, England.
John Beaufort became the 1st Beaufort earl of Somerset. He served both Richard II and Henry IV. He fought against Owen Glyn Dwr and also against the French in the Hundred Years War. His brother Henry was a scholar who entered the church. His was a political career that had an impact on the growing inter family rivalries of the period.
John of Gaunt (John Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Aquitaine, 6 March 1340 – 3 February 1399) was a member of the House of Plantagenet, who ruled England for over 300 years. Gaunt was the third surviving son of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault. He was the father of Henry IV.
'Old John of Gaunt, time-honoured Lancaster', who breathed his last in Leicester Castle on February 3rd, 1399, at the age of fifty-eight, was the son of Edward III, the brother of the Black Prince, the uncle of Richard II, the father of Henry IV and the grandfather of Henry V. Duke of Lancaster and a claimant to the throne of Castile, John of Gaunt (he was born in Ghent in 1340) was the richest nobleman and the greatest subject in England, the owner of huge estates and no fewer than thirty ...
When John of Gaunt 1st Duke of Lancaster was born on 6 March 1340, in Gent, East Flanders, Belgium, his father, Edward III King of England and of France and Lord of Ireland, was 27 and his mother, Philippa de Hainaut Queen of England, was 29. He married Blanche of Lancaster -Duchess of Lancaster, Countess of Derby on 19 May 1359, in Reading, Berkshire, England.
Equally, John of Gaunt sought to protect the interests of the crown and his family, above his own. The line of succession dictated that the crown would pass to Richard. In his feud with the citizens of London, John sought to protect Richard’s interests and help him cultivate the love and respect of the people, whose rightful place – he considered – was beneath the crown.