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The Kingdom of Portugal was a monarchy in the western Iberian Peninsula and the predecessor of the modern Portuguese Republic. Existing to various extents between 1139 and 1910, it was also known as the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves after 1415, and as the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves between 1815 and 1822.
Portugal traces its national origin to 24 June 1128, the date of the Battle of São Mamede. Afonso proclaimed himself Prince of Portugal after this battle and in 1139, he assumed the title King of Portugal. In 1143, the Kingdom of León recognised him as King of Portugal by the Treaty of Zamora.
Portugal, officially Portuguese Republic, Portuguese República Portuguesa, country lying along the Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. Once continental Europe’s greatest power, Portugal shares commonalities—geographic and cultural—with the countries of both northern Europe and the Mediterranean. Its cold, rocky northern coast and mountainous interior are ...
The kingdom was ruled by the Alfonsine Dynasty until the 1383–85 Crisis, after which the monarchy passed to the House of Aviz. History. During the 15th and 16th century, Portuguese exploration established a vast colonial empire. From 1580 to 1640, the Kingdom of Portugal was in personal union with Habsburg Spain.
- How Did Portugal Happen? (Short Animated Documentary)YouTube
- What Happened to Portugal's Monarchy?YouTube
- Kingdom of Portugal (1139–1910) Portuguese Monarchist Song "Deus, Pátria, Rei"YouTube
- Kingdom of Portugal (1826–1910) National Anthem "Hino da Carta" [Remake]YouTube
A Muslim invasion in 711 left only the northern part of Portugal in Christian hands. In 1179 it became the kingdom of Portugal and expanded as it reconquered the Muslim-held sectors. The boundaries of modern continental Portugal were completed under King Afonso III (reigned 1248–79). From 1580 to 1640 Portugal was united with Spain.
The Kingdom of Portugal remained very important in Europe’s (and especially Iberian) politics, waging several wars against Spain, creating an alliance with England (the longest standing alliance in the world, lasting until today) and starting the “Age of Discovery”.
Portucale (Portugal) was an autonomous county of the Kingdom of Leon. In 1070, due to its desire to become independent, it lost its autonomy ending the rule of the House of Vimara Peres. In 1093 A.D., Henry of Burgundy was count of Portugal. Henry helped King Alfonso VI of Castile conquer Galicia from the Moors.
The Kingdom of Portugal (1139−1910) — a former kingdom of the Iberian Peninsula based in Portugal. The main article for this category is Kingdom of Portugal. v. t. e. Topics related to the Portuguese monarchy. Major events. Battle of São Mamede. Battle of Ourique.
A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy, and for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.