Leopold II (Peter Leopold Josef Anton Joachim Pius Gotthard; 5 May 1747 – 1 March 1792) was Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Bohemia, and Archduke of Austria from 1790 to 1792, and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790.
Leopold II, (born May 5, 1747, Vienna—died March 1, 1792, Vienna), Holy Roman emperor from 1790 to 1792, one of the most capable of the 18th-century reformist rulers known as the “enlightened despots.”
The Holy Roman Empire was dissolved by Francis II, after a devastating defeat by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz . The emperor was widely perceived to rule by divine right, though he often contradicted or rivaled the pope, most notably during the Investiture controversy.
The Holy Roman emperor was the ruler and head of state of the Holy Roman Empire. Charlemagne became the first emperor of what was later defined as the Holy Roman Empire when Pope Leo III proclaimed him ’emperor of the Romans’ in the year 800. The last Holy Roman Emperor was Francis II, who dissolved the Holy Roman Empire in 1806 during the ...
Leopold II (1747-1792) was Holy Roman emperor from 1790 to 1792. He used his outstanding talents as a diplomat and administrator to strengthen the empire by pacifying the Netherlands and Hungary and making agreements with Prussia and Turkey. Born in Vienna on May 5, 1747, Leopold was the third son of Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I.
Leopold was able to consolidate his position, as evinced by his election and coronation as emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in Frankfurt in October 1790, and his coronation as king of Hungary (1790) and Bohemia (1791). Just as the situation had been defused Leopold died suddenly on 1 March 1792 aged only forty-four.
Declaration of Pillnitz, joint declaration issued on August 27, 1791, by Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and King Frederick William II of Prussia, urging European powers to unite to restore the monarchy in France; French King Louis XVI had been reduced to a constitutional monarch during the French Revolution.
Leopold II was Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Bohemia, and Archduke of Austria from 1790 to 1792, and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790.
English: HM Leopold II ( May 5, 1747 – March 1, 1792 ), born Peter Leopold Joseph, was the penultimate Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand Duke of Tuscany. He was a son of Emperor Francis I and his wife, Empress Maria Theresa .. Leopold II in the regalia of the Golden Fleece
Leopold II was Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Bohemia, and Archduke of Austria from 1790 to 1792, and Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1765 to 1790. Unusually for his time, he opposed...