A destroyed building on a street in Hulyaipole, October 20, 2023. The city is on the front line of the war and is bombarded on a daily basis. GUILLAUME HERBAUT/VU’ FOR LE MONDE Before the war,...
The Makhnovshchina ( Ukrainian: Махновщина, romanized : Makhnovshchyna) was a mass movement to establish anarchist communism in southern and eastern Ukraine during the Ukrainian War of Independence of 1917–1921. Named after Nestor Makhno, the commander-in-chief of the Revolutionary Insurgent Army of Ukraine, its aim was to create a ...
Citation: Christopher Gilley, review of Red Famine: Stalin's War on Ukraine, (review no. 2203) DOI: 10.14296/RiH/2014/2203 Date accessed: 16 November, 2023 Terry Martin, ‘The 1932–33 Ukrainian Terror: new documentation on surveillance and the thought process of Stalin’, in Famine-Gemocide in Ukraine, 1932–1933.
The Russian Civil War [p] (7 November 1917 — 16 June 1923)  was a multi-party civil war in the former Russian Empire sparked by the overthrowing of the social-democratic Russian Provisional Government in the October Revolution, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.
The Free Territory was an attempt to form a stateless anarchist society during the Ukrainian Revolution of 1917 to 1921, during which time "free soviets" and libertarian communes operated under the protection of Nestor Makhno's Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army (flag shown above).
This included the loose and localised groups known as the Green armies chiefly associated with the peasantry, the different national armies of the former Tsarist Empire, the anarchist Black army led by Nestor Makhno in Ukraine, and international intervention forces.