Philipp, Prince and Landgrave of Hesse (6 November 1896 – 25 October 1980) was head of the Electoral House of Hesse from 1940 to 1980. He joined the Nazi Party in 1930, and, when they gained power with the appointment of Adolf Hitler as Chancellor in 1933, he became Oberpräsident of the Prussian Province of Hesse-Nassau.
Philip, byname Philip the Magnanimous, German Philipp der Grossmütige, (born November 13, 1504, Marburg, Hesse [Germany]—died March 31, 1567, Kassel), landgrave ( Landgraf) of Hesse (1509–67), one of the great figures of German Protestantism, who championed the independence of German princes against the Holy Roman emperor Charles V. Early years
Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse (13 November 1504 – 31 March 1567), nicknamed der Großmütige (in English: "the Magnanimous" ), was a German nobleman and champion of the Protestant Reformation, notable for being one of the most important of the early Protestant rulers in Germany . Contents 1 Biography 1.1 Early life and embracing of Protestantism
Philip of Hesse, (born Nov. 13, 1504, Marburg, Hesse—died March 31, 1567, Kassel, Ger.), German nobleman, landgrave of Hesse, and champion of the Reformation. His skillful management made Hesse a sovereign state. Won to the cause of Martin Luther, Philip became a Reformation leader in Germany.
Philip, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Philip August Frederick (11 March 1779 – 15 December 1846) was Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg from 19 January 1839 until his death. He was a field marshal in the imperial Austrian army. Contents 1 Life 2 Military career 3 Reign 4 Marriage 5 Ancestry 6 References Life [ edit]
Philip of Hesse-Philippsthal (14 December 1655 – 18 June 1721) was the son of William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Hedwig Sophia of Brandenburg. He was the first landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal from 1663 to 1721 and the founder of the fifth branch of the house of Hesse . Contents 1 Marriage and issue 2 Branch 3 Ancestry 4 Sources
Philipp I Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel in GenealogieOnline Family Tree Index view all 30 Immediate Family Christina von Sachsen, Landgräf... third cousin Agnes von Hessen, Kurfürstin zu... daughter William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-K... third cousin once removed Philipp Conrad von Hessen, Graf ... Georg I, Landgraf von Hessen-Dar...
Hesse was re-unified under Landgrave William II in 1500. The Landgraviate rose to primary importance under his son Philip I, also called Philip the Magnanimous, who embraced Protestantism following the 1526 Synod of Homberg and then took steps to create a protective alliance of Protestant princes and powers against the Catholic emperor Charles V.
Philipp, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel was the third son of the Landgrave and Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel. He married Princess Mafalda of Savoy on September 23, 1925 in Turin, Italy. Philipp died on October 25, 1980 in Rome, Italy at the age of eighty-three.
He is the eldest son and successor of German aristocrat Moritz, Landgrave of Hesse, and his former wife, Princess Tatiana of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.  A great-grandson of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, he is named in part after Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse.