Proudhon was born in Besançon, France, on 15 January 1809 at 23 Rue du Petit Battant in the suburb of Battant.  His father Claude-François Proudhon, who worked as a brewer and a cooper,  was originally from the village of Chasnans, near the border with Switzerland. His mother Catherine Simonin was from Cordiron. 
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, (born January 15, 1809, Besançon, France—died January 19, 1865, Paris), French libertarian socialist and journalist whose doctrines became the basis for later radical and anarchist theory. Early life and education
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (pronounced [ˈpruːd ɒn] in British English, [pʁu dɔ̃] in French) (January 15, 1809 – January 19, 1865) was a French mutualist political philosopher who was the first individual to call himself an "anarchist" and is considered among the first anarchist thinkers.
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, (born Jan. 15, 1809, Besançon, France—died Jan. 19, 1865, Paris), French journalist and socialist. After working as a printer, he moved to Paris in 1838 and joined the socialist movement.
From: Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, né le 15 janvier 1809 à Besançon dans le Doubs et mort le 19 janvier 1865 à Paris, est un polémiste, journaliste, économiste, philosophe et sociologue libertaire français. Il est le seul théoricien socialiste révolutionnaire du XIXe siècle d'origine ouvrière.
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, né le 15 janvier 1809 à Besançon et mort le 19 janvier 1865 à Paris (16 e arrondissement), est un polémiste, journaliste, économiste, philosophe, politique et sociologue français. Précurseur de l'anarchisme, il est le seul théoricien révolutionnaire du XIX e siècle à être issu du milieu ouvrier.
Pierre-Joseph Proudhon was a contemporary of Marx and one of the most acute, influential and subversive critics of modern French and European society. His What is Property? (1840) produced the answer 'Property is theft'; the book itself has become a classic of political thought through its wide-ranging and deep-reaching critique of private ...
Proudhon contrasts the supposed right of property with the rights (which he considered valid) of liberty, equality, and security. Proudhon was clear that his opposition to property did not extend to exclusive possession of labor-made wealth.