Wilhelm II., mit vollem Namen Friedrich Wilhelm Albert Viktor von Preußen (* 27. Januar 1859 in Berlin; † 4. Juni 1941 in Doorn in den Niederlanden), aus dem Haus Hohenzollern war von 1888 bis 1918 letzter Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen.
The Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (in German: Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche, but mostly just known as Gedächtniskirche [ɡəˈdɛçtnɪsˈkɪʁçə]) is a Protestant church affiliated with the Evangelical Church in Berlin, Brandenburg and Silesian Upper Lusatia, a regional body of the Evangelical Church in Germany.
Rudolf was born in Vienna on 18 July 1552. He was the eldest son and successor of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, and King of Hungary and Croatia; his mother was the Spanish princess Maria, a daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal.
Ludwig II "der Deutsche", son of Emperor Louis I, was the first member of the Carolingian dynasty to be installed as a ruler in Germany when he received the kingdom of Bavaria in 825. In 831, he was also granted Thuringia, Saxony, Frisia and the northernmost lands west of the Rhine.
The Second Reich was the Hohenzollern Germany, from the unification of Germany following the Franco-Prussian War (1870 - 1871) and crowning of Wilhelm I as German Emperor at the Palace of Versailles, with Otto von Bismarck as the first Reichskanzler, to the abdication of Wilhelm II in 1919 following the German defeat in the First World War.