During the November Revolution, Grand Duke Ernest Louis was removed from power on 9 November 1918 by the Darmstadt Workers' and Soldiers' Council. In 1919, the Grand Duke released the officials of Hesse from their oaths of service to him, but he never issued an explicit abdication.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Duchy_of_Hesse
Grand Duke of Hesse. In 1892, Ernest Louis succeeded his father as grand duke. Throughout his life, Ernest Louis was a patron of the arts,  founding the Darmstadt Artists' Colony, and was himself an author of poems, plays, essays, and piano compositions. Ernest Louis commissioned the New Mausoleum in 1903.
Grand Duke Ludwig IV died of a heart attack in the New Palace in Darmstadt on 13 March 1892. He was succeeded by his son, Ernest Louis. The Equestrian statue of Ludwig IV on the Friedensplatz in Darmstadt
Hesse-Darmstadt (at Hanau-Lichtenberg) Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden 28 January 1751 five children William: 29 August 1726: 1770–1806: 8 August 1810: Hesse-Philippsthal: Ulrika Eleonora of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld 22 June 1755 Tournai nine children: Between 1806 and 1813 the Landgraviate was annexed to the Kingdom of Westphalia ...
Hesse-Darmstadt, former landgraviate, grand duchy, and state of Germany. It was formed in 1567 in the division of old Hesse; after Hesse-Kassel was absorbed by Prussia in 1866, Hesse-Darmstadt was usually known simply as Hesse. Hesse-Darmstadt was originally only the small territory of Upper K.
During the November Revolution, Grand Duke Ernest Louis was removed from power on 9 November 1918 by the Darmstadt Workers' and Soldiers' Council. In 1919, the Grand Duke released the officials of Hesse from their oaths of service to him, but he never issued an explicit abdication.
Hesse-Darmstadt (1567–1918), became Grand Duchy of Hesse in 1806 Hesse-Butzbach (1609–1642) Hesse-Braubach (1609–1651) Hesse-Homburg (1622–1866) Hesse-Itter (1661–1676)
1806–1918 Louis I (1753 –1830) Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine Louis I (X) (1753 –1830) Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt until 1806, Grand Duke of Hesse until 1806, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1814. Founder and Grandmaster of the Ludwig Order in 1807.
Ernest Louis, German in full Ernst Ludwig Karl Albrecht Wilhelm, (born November 25, 1868, Darmstadt, Hesse-Darmstadt [Germany]—died October 9, 1937, near Darmstadt), grand duke of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1892 until his abdication in 1918, at the end of World War I.
Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (German: Großherzog Ludwig III von Hessen und bei Rhein; 9 June 1806, Darmstadt – 13 June 1877, Seeheim) was Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1848 until his death in 1877. Biography 1859 thaler of Hesse, depicting Louis III.
Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse (14 June 1753 in Prenzlau – 6 April 1830 in Darmstadt) was Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (as Louis X) and later the first Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine . Louis was the son of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, and succeeded his father in 1790.