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Hong Kong was a colony and later a dependent territory of the British Empire from 1841 to 1997, apart from a period of occupation under the Japanese Empire from 1941 to 1945 during the Pacific War. The colonial period began with the British occupation of Hong Kong in 1841, during the First Opium War between the British and the Qing dynasty.
At midnight on July 1, 1997, Hong Kong returned to Chinese control after a century and a half of British colonial rule. The handover was meant to establish a “one country, two systems”...
In 1898, Britain was granted an additional 99 years of rule over Hong Kong under the Second Convention of Peking. In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and the...
Hong Kong developed rapidly under UK rule, becoming one of the world's major financial and business centres. Then in 1982, London and Beijing began the difficult process of negotiating the...
4 Min Read (Reuters) - Split between a densely populated mainland and over 200 islands in the South China Sea, the small, strategic territory of Hong Kong was under British rule for 156...
- How 156 years of British rule shaped Hong KongYouTube
- British colonial influences that still exist in Hong Kong 25 years after the handoverYouTube
- Hong Kong observes 25 years of independence from British ruleYouTube
- Echoes of the past: bagpipes still played in Hong Kong 25 years after handover ended British ruleYouTube
Hong Kong was a British colony from 1841 to 1997. How it was actually run is rarely discussed, especially nowadays. Let’s look at some key features of the British administration in the early 20th century (1900 – 1941) before it was captured by the Japanese.
British rule in Hong Kong was not a utopia to be glorified and looked back upon. The city was rich, but harsh, in an ironic twist being far more heavy-handed and brutal than its current existence, thus overwhelmingly distant from what young people today, having never lived through it, envision it to be.
Britain invaded the Chinese mainland and occupied the island of Hong Kong on Jan. 25, 1841, using it as a military staging point. China lost the war and had to cede Hong Kong to Britain in the Treaty of Nanking. As a result, Hong Kong became a crown colony of the British Empire. Leasing Hong Kong