Rules for Using Commas. Grammarly. Updated on July 1, 2023 Grammar. Ah, the comma. Of all the punctuation marks in English, this one is perhaps the most misused. And it’s no wonder. There are lots of rules about comma usage, and often the factors that determine whether you should use one are quite subtle. But fear not!
The comma , is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages. It has the same shape as an apostrophe or single closing quotation mark ( ’) in many typefaces, but it differs from them in being placed on the baseline of the text.
noun. com· ma ˈkä-mə. Synonyms of comma. 1. : a punctuation mark, used especially as a mark of separation within the sentence. 2. : pause, interval. 3. : any of several nymphalid butterflies (genus Polygonia) with a silvery comma-shaped mark on the underside of the hind wings.
Quick Guide to Commas. Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.
Use commas to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series. The Constitution establishes the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government. The candidate promised to lower taxes, protect the environment, reduce crime, and end unemployment.
Commas Commas and periods are the most frequently used punctuation marks. Commas customarily indicate a brief pause; they're not as final as periods. Rule 1. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew.
the symbol , used in writing to separate parts of a sentence showing a slight pause, or to separate the single things in a list. tumdee/iStock/Getty Images Plus/GettyImages. Examples. Put a comma after the clause. We usually put a comma after thousands in numbers.
Oxford commas. In lists, commas are used to separate each item, and the last item is separated by a conjunction (e.g., and, or). A comma before the conjunction, known as the serial comma or Oxford comma, is optional. Whether or not you choose to use it, make sure to be consistent. With serial comma.
Your Guide to Punctuation in English. Learn the ins and outs of the types of punctuation and punctuation rules with the help of this handy guide to acing apostrophes, perfecting parentheses, excelling at exclamation marks, and more.
David and Paige introduce you to the comma! The comma is a punctuation mark that separates sentence elements, such as lists, dates, and clauses. It's the superhero of punctuation, but it has one weakness: commas can't go at the end of sentences.