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  2. Alfonso X of Castile - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_X_of_Castile

    Alfonso X (also known as the Wise, Spanish: el Sabio; 23 November 1221 – 4 April 1284) was King of Castile, León and Galicia from 30 May 1252 until his death in 1284. During the election of 1257, a dissident faction chose him to be king of Germany on 1 April.

  3. Alfonso X | king of Castile and Leon | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/Alfonso-X

    Alfonso X, byname Alfonso the Wise, or the Learned, Spanish Alfonso el Sabio, (born November 23, 1221, Burgos, Castile [Spain]—died April 4, 1284, Sevilla), king of Castile and Leon from 1252 to 1284. Alfonso’s father, Ferdinand III, conquered Andalusia and imposed tribute on the remaining Muslim states in Spain—Murcia and Granada.

  4. Alfonso X, known as Alfonso the Wise, (born Nov. 23, 1221, Burgos, Castile—died April, 2, 1284, Sevilla), King of Castile and León (1252–84). He crushed revolts by Muslims (1252) and nobles (1254), and he annexed Murcia after repelling an invasion by Morocco, Granada, and Murcia (1264).

  5. Alfonso X | Encyclopedia.com

    www.encyclopedia.com/.../alfonso-x

    Alfonso X. Alfonso X (1221-1284) was king of Castile and León from 1252 to 1284. Also known as Alfonso the Wise, he was one of the greatest royal patrons of learning of the Middle Ages. The eldest son of Ferdinand III and Beatrice of Swabia, Alfonso was born in Toledo on Nov. 23, 1221. As a youth, he was tutored in the arts of war and governance.

  6. In 1257, due to a series of fortuitous and controversial circumstances, Alfonso X was elected Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, being a direct descendant of the German dynasty Hohenstaufen. He is also remembered for his patronage in spreading the arts and in particular literature, and for some of his scientific essays. Castilian Monarch.

  7. Alfonso X of Castile Biography

    m.biographybase.com/biography/Alfonso_X_of_Castile.html

    Alfonso X, El Sabio, or the learned, (November 23, 1221 - April 4, 1284) was a king of Castile and León (1252 - 1284).He is perhaps the most interesting, though far from the most capable, of the Spanish kings of the Middle Ages.

  8. Category:Alfonso X of Castile - IMSLP: Free Sheet Music PDF ...

    imslp.org/wiki/Category:Alfonso_X_of_Castile

    Alfonso X of Castile (23 November 1221 — 4 April 1284) = Name in Other Languages: Alfonso X de Castilla y de León, Alfonso X, Alifonso X de Castiella, ألفونسو العاشر, Альфонса X Кастыльскі, [ 51 more...] = Aliases: Alphonse X le Sage, Alphonse X le Savant, Alfonso X el Sabio, Alfonso X de Castilla, Alphonse X, [ 14 more...] =

  9. Alfonso X of Castile and Leon - IBWiki

    ib.frath.net/w/Alfonso_X_of_Castile_and_Leon

    Alfonso X, El Sabio, or the Learned, (November 23, 1221 - April 4, 1284) was a king of Castile and Leon (1252 - 1284). He is perhaps the most interesting, though far from the most capable, of the Spanish kings of the Middle Ages. His nickname "El Sabio" usually means "the Wise", but in this case his wisdom has been said to have been of so ...

  10. Beatrice of Castile (1242–1303) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beatrice_of_Castile_(1242...

    Mayor Guillén de Guzmán. Religion. Roman Catholicism. Beatrice of Castile (1242/1244 – 27 October 1303), an illegitimate daughter of Alfonso X of Castile and his mistress Mayor Guillén de Guzmán, [1] [2] was the second Queen consort of Afonso III of Portugal. [2] [3]

  11. Alfonso XI of Castile - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_XI_of_Castile

    Alfonso XI (13 August 1311 – 26 March 1350), called the Avenger ( el Justiciero ), was King of Castile and León. He was the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal. Upon his father's death in 1312, several disputes ensued over who would hold regency, which were resolved in 1313.