Alfonso XI (13 August 1311 – 26 March 1350), called the Avenger (el Justiciero), was King of Castile and León. He was the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal. Upon his father's death in 1312, several disputes ensued over who would hold regency, which were resolved in 1313.
Alfonso XI of Castile Born in Salamanca, August 13, 1311 – Died in Gibraltar, March 26, 1350, was the king of Castile and León, the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal. He is variously known among Castilian kings as the Avenger or the Implacable, and as "He of Salado River."
Alfonso XI, byname Alfonso The Just, Spanish Alfonso El Justiciero, (born 1311, Salamanca, Leon—died March 26, 1350, Gibraltar), king of Castile and Leon from 1312, who succeeded his father, Ferdinand IV, when he was only a year old. His minority was marked by violent strife between factions of nobles, but when he came of age, in 1325, he restored order with unprecedented vigour.
Alfonso XI of Castile had a progressive yet bloody reign. Despite his administrative success, the king’s viciousness caused many deaths and the mistreatment of his wife. Alfonso’s favoritism towards his mistress led to her execution after his death by the vengeful queen. The bad blood between both factions only worsened after Eleanor’s execution.
This chapter explores Alfonso XI’s motivations for designing these rituals, whether there were any precedents for this particular gesture in Castile and to what extent he was aware of the different rates at which the anointing and coronation ceremonies were introduced into his own kingdoms. It is actually possible to establish a ritual genealogy from Visigothic, Asturian and Leonese kingdoms to the kingdom of Castile, and from Wamba’s anointing in 672 to Alfonso XI’s self-coronation in ...
Alfonso XI was the king of Castile, León and Galicia. He was the son of Ferdinand IV of Castile and his wife Constance of Portugal. Upon his father's death in 1312, several disputes ensued over who would hold regency, which were resolved in 1313. Once Alfonso was declared adult in 1325, he began a reign that would serve to strengthen royal power.
Alfonso XI: The Just 7 September 1312 26 March 1350 Infected and killed by the Black Death during the Fifth Siege of Gibraltar (1349–1350) Peter: The Cruel 26 March 1350 23 March 1369 Killed by Henry II of Castile
Tello Alfonso of Castile (1337 – October 1370) was the seventh of the ten illegitimate children of Alfonso XI of Castile and Eleanor of Guzman. He was a prince of Castile and First Lord of Aguilar de Campoo. In Spanish he is known as Tello de Castilla, Infante de Castilla; Señor de Aguilar de Campoo, de Vizcaya, de Castañeda y de Lara .
Alfonso was born to Sancho III of Castile and Blanche, in Soria on 11 November 1155. He was named after his grandfather Alfonso VII of León and Castile , who divided his kingdoms between his sons. This division set the stage for conflict in the family until the kingdoms were re-united by Alfonso VIII's grandson, Ferdinand III of Castile .
The Castilian House of Burgundy is a cadet branch of the House of Ivrea descended from Raymond of Burgundy.Raymond married Urraca, the eldest legitimate daughter of Alfonso VI of León and Castile of the House of Jiménez.Two years after Raymond's death, Urraca succeeded her father and became queen of Castile and Leon; Urraca's and Raymond's offspring in the legitimate line ruled the kingdom ...