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  2. Ferdinand I of Portugal - The European Middle Ages

    Ferdinand I of Portugal was born in Lisbon, Portugal, on October 31, 1345. Born during the reign of his grandfather, Afonso IV, Ferdinand was the son of Prince Peter and Princess Costanza Manuel of Castile. In 1349, Costanza died, beginning a period of instability in Ferdinand’s life.

  3. The Portuguese Interregnum - The European Middle Ages

    The Portuguese Interregnum originated during the reign of King Ferdinand I. In 1383, Ferdinand was slowly dying. Since the king’s only son, Prince Afonso, had pre-deceased him, Ferdinand had one living child left, Princess Beatrice. As a succession crisis began to stir, the king married his daughter to King John I of neighboring Castile in May.

  4. Ferdinand I the Great, King of Castile - geni family tree

    Fernando I de Castela (1016 — 27 de Dezembro de 1065), cognominado o Grande ou o Magno, foi conde de Castela (1035-1065) e também rei de Leão (1037-1065), conquistou Viseu e Coimbra em 1064. Era filho de Sancho III de Navarra (Sancho I de Castela), e da infanta Maior de Castela.

  5. Ferdinand I | king of Naples | Britannica

    Ferdinand I, Italian Ferrante or Ferdinando, (born 1423, Valencia, Spain—died Jan. 25, 1494), king of Naples from 1458. He was the illegitimate son of Alfonso V of Aragon, who, after establishing himself as king of Naples in 1442, had Ferdinand legitimized and recognized as his heir.

  6. Afonso V | king of Portugal | Britannica

    Alexander the Great, also known as Alexander III or Alexander of Macedonia, (born 356 bce, Pella, Macedonia [northwest of Thessaloníki, Greece]—died June 13, 323 bce, Babylon [near Al-Ḥillah, Iraq]), king of Macedonia (336–323 bce ), who overthrew the Persian empire, carried Macedonian arms to India, and laid the foundations for the Hellenistic …

  7. Ferdinand II | Biography, Facts, Accomplishments, & Isabella I

    Ferdinand II, byname Ferdinand the Catholic, Spanish Fernando el Católico, (born March 10, 1452, Sos, Aragon [Spain]—died January 23, 1516, Madrigalejo, Spain), king of Aragon and king of Castile (as Ferdinand V) from 1479, joint sovereign with Queen Isabella I.

  8. Portugal - Wikipedia

    Portugal ( Portuguese pronunciation: [puɾ.tu.ˈɣaɫ] ), officially the Portuguese Republic ( Portuguese: República Portuguesa [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɣezɐ] ), [note 4] is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe, and whose territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira.

  9. The Most Beautiful Castles in Portugal - Culture Trip

    The National Palace of Pena is the most famous castle in Portugal due to its colourful appearance and imposing location atop the highest hill above Sintra. It’s a monument of national and international importance and a Unesco World Heritage site. The story of the palace dates back to the Middle Ages when a chapel dedicated to the Lady of Pena ...

  10. Reconquista - Wikipedia

    Its culmination came in 1492 with the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the united Spanish Crown of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile. [1] In the late 10th century, the Umayyad vizier Almanzor waged a series of military campaigns for 30 years in order to subjugate the northern Christian kingdoms.

  11. Ferdinand (1199 - 1252) - Genealogy

    Saint Ferdinand III (July 30 or August 5, 1199 – May 30, 1252), was the King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. He finished the work done by his maternal grandfather Alfonso VIII and consolidated the Reconquista. In 1231, he permanently united Castile and León.