Franz Joseph Hermann Michael Maria von Papen, Erbsälzer zu Werl und Neuwerk (German: [ˈfʁants fɔn ˈpaːpn̩] ; 29 October 1879 – 2 May 1969) was a German conservative politician, diplomat, Prussian nobleman and General Staff officer.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_von_Papen
Franz von Papen, (born Oct. 29, 1879, Werl, Ger.—died May 2, 1969, Obersasbach, W.Ger.), German statesman and diplomat who played a leading role in dissolving the Weimar Republic and in helping Adolf Hitler to become German chancellor in 1933. The scion of a wealthy Catholic landowning family, Papen began his career as a professional soldier.
Franz Joseph Hermann Michael Maria von Papen, Erbsälzer zu Werl und Neuwerk (German: [ˈfʁants fɔn ˈpaːpn̩] ; 29 October 1879 – 2 May 1969) was a German conservative politician, diplomat, Prussian nobleman and General Staff officer.
Franz von Papen (1879–1969) was former Chancellor of Germany (1932), Ambassador to Austria (1934–1938), and Ambassador to Turkey (1939–1944). As Ambassador to Austria, von Papen paved the way for the Anschluss (the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany).
Franz von Papen (1879-1969) was one of the conservative German politicians whose fear of social unrest and hostility toward the democratic Weimar Republic led them to support the rise of Hitler. Although never a believer in the more extreme doctrines of National Socialism , he helped prepare the way for the Third Reich .
Franz von Papen was a German politician and diplomat who served as the chancellor of Germany in 1932 and also as the vice chancellor under Adolf Hitler from 1933 to 1934. He served in the ‘German Army’ as a ‘General Staff’ officer from 1898. He was a military attaché in Mexico and the U.S. from 1913 to 1915.
Von Papen is indicted under Counts One and Two. He was appointed Chancellor of the Reich on 1st June, 1932, and was succeeded by von Schleicher on 2nd December, 1932. He was made Vice Chancellor in the Hitler Cabinet on 30th January, 1933, and on 13th November, 1933, Plenipotentiary for the Saar. On 26th July, 1934, he was appointed Minister to Vienna, and was recalled on 4th February, 1938.
B. AS EX-REICH CHANCELLOR AND PROMINENT POLITICAL LEADER, VON PAPEN USED HIS PERSONAL INFLUENCE TO PROMOTE THE ACCESSION OF THE NAZIS TO POWER. (1) When von Papen began these efforts he was well aware of the Nazi program and Nazi methods. The official NSDAP program was open and notorious.
Once Hitler was in power, Von Papen and his allies were quickly marginalized, and he retired from the Vice-Chancellorship in 1934, following the Night of the Long Knives, when many of Hitler's enemies inside and outside the party (including Schleicher) were murdered. Von Papen was arrested and put under house arrest for three days but his secretary, Herbert von Bose, and his speech writer, Edgar Julius Jung, were murdered.
Em 20 de julho de 1933, von Papen foi o representante do governo de Hitler no Vaticano para a assinatura da Reichskonkordat (concordata) entre a Alemanha e a Santa Sé . Já com Hitler no poder, von Papen e os seus aliados foram marginalizados rapidamente e este retirado da vice-chancelaria em 1934.
In vorderster Front: Deutschlands Staatsoberhaupt Reichspräsident Paul von Hindenburg, und die beiden sich bis aufs Messer bekämpfenden letzten Kanzler der Weimarer Republik Franz von Papen und ...