Frederick was the last Hohenzollern monarch titled King in Prussia and declared himself King of Prussia after annexing Polish Prussia from the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1772. Prussia greatly increased its territories and became a major military power in Europe under his rule.
A man of many facets, Frederick was also a supporter of the arts, commissioning buildings, paintings, literature, and music. He played the flute extremely well and composed many pieces for that instrument, and wrote voluminously in French, despising the German language and preferring French for his artistic expressions.
King Frederick the Great of Prussia turned the nation into a dominant power in Europe in the mid-18th century. Discover the facts of Frederick's biography, military victories, Enlightenment...
Frederick’s greatest achievement was perhaps the creation of effective government bureaucracy, which became the model for the nineteenth century, and laws establishing religious and social freedoms, which were fundamental in defining the concept of liberty. Frederick the Great was a renaissance man in the Age of Reason.
frederick ii, byname frederick the great, german friedrich der grosse, (born january 24, 1712, berlin, prussia [germany]—died august 17, 1786, potsdam, near berlin), king of prussia (1740–86), a brilliant military campaigner who, in a series of diplomatic stratagems and wars against austria and other powers, greatly enlarged prussia’s territories …
Frederick William I was a brutal human being. He was a stark, militaristic man who expected everyone around him to act like they were in the army. No one was safe from his rages —not even everyday Prussian citizens. If he saw someone on the street whom he thought looked lazy, he would strike out and beat them where they stood.