Elbridge Gerry (/ ˈ ɡ ɛr i /; July 17, 1744 – November 23, 1814) was an American Founding Father, merchant, politician, and diplomat who served as the fifth vice president of the United States under President James Madison from 1813 until his death in 1814. The political practice of gerrymandering is named after him.
Elbridge Gerry, (born July 17, 1744, Marblehead, Massachusetts [U.S.]—died November 23, 1814, Washington, D.C., U.S.), signer of the American Declaration of Independence and fifth vice president of the United States (1813–14) in the second term of Pres. James Madison. From his name the term gerrymander later was derived.
Elbridge Gerry was defeated for re-election in 1812, but to honor his “good work” and to balance the ticket with a Northerner, the Republicans nominated him for vice president. Gerry received word of his selection in June shortly before the Congress declared war on Great Britain.
Today, Elbridge Gerry is best known for being the force and namesake behind “Gerrymandering.” That has obscured the significance of a founder who signed the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and later ascended to the Vice Presidency.
Elbridge Thomas Gerry (December 25, 1837 – February 18, 1927), usually called "Commodore" Gerry due to the office he held with the New York Yacht Club from 1886 to 1892, was an American lawyer and reformer who was the grandson of U.S. Vice President Elbridge Gerry .
Elbridge Gerry. Birth. 17 Jul 1744. Marblehead, Essex County, Massachusetts, USA. Death. 23 Nov 1814 (aged 70) Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia, USA. Burial. Congressional Cemetery.
Elbridge Gerry was a true patriot who played a significant role in America’s struggle to establish its independent identity, ideology and authority. Before becoming the fifth Vice President of the United States, under President James Madison, he served at several other high profile posts with great finesse. His illustrious political portfolio ...
Elbridge Gerry (1744-1814) 45 min In this lesson, students will study the life of Elbridge Gerry. Students will learn about Gerry's role as a leader of the American opposition to British tyranny, his opposition to the Constitution, the tactic of gerrymanderin... Download Lesson Plan Students will:
Elbridge Gerry did run for reelection as Massachusetts governor in 1812 and lost to Caleb Strong. That was in March. Later in the same year, he was a candidate for Vice President of the U.S., and his ticket won. But Massachusetts voted against him again.
Elbridge Gerry is remembered today for his controversial attempt as governor to draw congressional districts in Massachusetts to the advantage of his party. Indeed, “gerrymandering” is a common political tactic today and undeniably part of Gerry’s legacy.