Königsberg (German: [ˈkøːnɪçsbɛʁk] ⓘ, lit. 'King's mountain', Polish: Królewiec, Lithuanian: Karaliaučius) was the historic German and Prussian name of the city that is now Kaliningrad, Russia. It was founded in 1255 on the site of the small Old Prussian settlement Twangste by the Teutonic Knights during the Baltic Crusades.
Königsberg remained the coronation city of the Prussian monarchy, though the capital was moved to Berlin in 1701. From 1454 to 1455 the city under the name of Królewiec belonged to the Kingdom of Poland, and from 1466 to 1657 it was a Polish fief. Königsberg was the easternmost large city in Germany until World War II.
Kaliningrad, formerly German (1255–1946) Königsberg, Polish Królewiec, city, seaport, and administrative centre of Kaliningrad oblast (region), Russia. Detached from the rest of the country, the city is an exclave of the Russian Federation.
Battle of Königsberg. Part of the Eastern Front, East Prussian offensive of World War II. Königsberg defenses and Soviet attack from 6 to 9 April 1945. Date. Late January to 9 April 1945. Final assault: 6–9 April 1945. Location. Königsberg, Germany.
Als Provinzialhauptstadt der Provinz Ostpreußen war Königsberg Amtssitz des Oberpräsidenten, des Regierungspräsidenten im Regierungsbezirk Königsberg und des Stadtkreises Königsberg.
Built. 1255. Demolished. 1968–1969. The Königsberg Castle ( German: Königsberger Schloss, Russian: Кёнигсбергский замок, romanized : Konigsbergskiy zamok) was one of the landmarks of the East Prussian capital Königsberg, Germany (since 1946 Kaliningrad, Russia ).
Dr. Eaton, Assistant Professor of History at Boston College, is writing a book on politics, everyday life, and the German-Soviet encounter in Königsberg-Kaliningrad. See the discussion below on the broader context of German and Soviet occupations, postwar urban rebuilding, nationalities policies, and forced migrations.