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  2. High German languages - Wikipedia

    The High German languages ( German: hochdeutsche Mundarten, i.e. High German dialects ), or simply High German ( Hochdeutsch) – not to be confused with Standard High German which is commonly also called "High German" – comprise the varieties of German spoken south of the Benrath and Uerdingen isoglosses in central and southern Germany ...

  3. List of countries and territories where German is an official ...

    Germany (78.3%) Austria (8.4%) Switzerland (5.6%) Brazil (3.2%) Italy (0.4%) Others (4.1%) The following is a list of the countries and territories where German is an official language (also known as the Germanosphere ). It includes countries that have German as (one of) their nationwide official language (s), as well as dependent territories ...

  4. Austrian German - Wikipedia

    Austrian German has its beginning in the mid-18th century, when Empress Maria Theresa and her son Joseph II introduced compulsory schooling in 1774, and several reforms of administration in their multilingual Habsburg Empire. At the time, the written standard was Oberdeutsche Schreibsprache ( Upper German written language), which was highly ...

  5. Standard German - Wikipedia

    Linguasphere. 52-ACB–dl. Standard High German ( SHG ), [3] less precisely Standard German or High German [a] ( German: Standardhochdeutsch, Standarddeutsch, Hochdeutsch or, in Switzerland, Schriftdeutsch ), is the standardized variety of the German language used in formal contexts and for communication between different dialect areas.

  6. German language in Namibia - Wikipedia

    Namibia is a German-language territory far outside of Central Europe. Namibia is a multilingual country wherein German is recognised as a national language (a form of minority language). While English has been the sole official language of the country since 1990, in many areas of the country, German enjoys official status at a community level.

  7. Demographics of Germany - Wikipedia

    According to the most recent data, Germany 's population is 84,432,670 (31 March 2023) [1] making it the most populous country in the European Union and the nineteenth-most populous country in the world. The total fertility rate was rated at 1.58 in 2021, [6] significantly below the replacement rate of 2.1. For a long time Germany had one of ...

  8. Standard German phonology - Wikipedia

    For the distinction between [ ], / / and , see IPA § Brackets and transcription delimiters. The phonology of Standard German is the standard pronunciation or accent of the German language. It deals with current phonology and phonetics as well as with historical developments thereof as well as the geographical variants and the influence of ...

  9. Languages of Germany - Wikipedia

    The colloquial speech is a compromise between Standard German and the dialect. Northern Germany (the Low German area) is characterized by a loss of dialects: standard German is the vernacular, with very few regional features even in informal situations. In Central Germany (the Middle German area) there is a tendency towards dialect loss.

  10. German dialects - Wikipedia

    German dialects are the various traditional local varieties of the German language.Though varied by region, those of the southern half of Germany beneath the Benrath line are dominated by the geographical spread of the High German consonant shift, and the dialect continuum that connects German to the neighboring varieties of Low Franconian and Frisian.

  11. Low German - Wikipedia

    Low German is a West Germanic language spoken mainly in Northern Germany and the northeastern part of the Netherlands. The dialect of Plautdietsch is also spoken in the Russian Mennonite diaspora worldwide. Low German is most closely related to Frisian and English, with which it forms the North Sea Germanic group of the West Germanic languages.