A comprehensive biography of the Prussian field marshal and military leader who directed armies in Europe and the Middle East in the 19th century. Learn about his early life, career, achievements, family, and legacy.
April 24, 1891, Berlin, Germany (aged 90) subjects of study: strategy role in: Battle of Sedan Battles of Mars-la-Tour and Gravelotte Franco-German War German-Danish War Siege of Paris (Show more) See all related content →
Helmuth James Graf  von Moltke (11 March 1907 – 23 January 1945) was a German jurist who, as a draftee in the German Abwehr, acted to subvert German human-rights abuses of people in territories occupied by Germany during World War II.
Helmuth von Moltke, chief of the German General Staff at the outbreak of World War I. His modification of the German attack plan in the west and his inability to retain control of his rapidly advancing armies significantly contributed to the halt of the German offensive on the Marne in September
A biography of Helmuth von Moltke the Younger, a German general and Chief of the Great German General Staff in World War I. Learn about his early career, rise to the position, role in the Marne campaign, and legacy.
Field Marshal Helmuth Karl Bernhard Graf von Moltke ( 26 October 1800 – 24 April 1891) was Chief of Staff of the Prussian General Staff from 1857 to 1871 and then of the Great General Staff (GGS) from 1871 to 1888. He was an architect of Germany's Wars of Unification (1864–71).
Born October 26, 1800, in Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Helmuth von Moltke was the son of an aristocratic German family. Moving to Holstein at age five, Moltke's family became impoverished during the War of the Fourth Coalition (1806-1807) when their properties were burned and plundered by French troops.
Helmuth Karl Bernhard Graf von Moltke(German:[ˈhɛlmuːt fɔn ˈmɔltkə]; 26 October 1800 –24 April 1891) was a Prussianfield marshal. The chief of staff of the Prussian Armyfor thirty years, he is regarded as the creator of a new, more modern method of directing armies in the field and one of the finest military minds of his generation.
Helmuth von Moltke, the Elder was of Danish birth and might, therefore, have played only a limited role in history had he not decided as a youth to forego a career in the military of his native kingdom and to seek instead preferment in the much larger and more significant Prussian army.
He is described as embodying "Prussian military organization and tactical genius." He was fascinated with railways and pioneered their military usage. He is often referred to as Moltke the Elder to distinguish him from his nephew Helmuth Johann Ludwig von Moltke, who commanded the German Army at the outbreak of World War I.