Henry Cavendish FRS (/ ˈ k æ v ən d ɪ ʃ / KAV-ən-dish; 10 October 1731 – 24 February 1810) was an English natural philosopher and scientist who was an important experimental and theoretical chemist and physicist. He is noted for his discovery of hydrogen, which he termed "inflammable air".
Henry Cavendish, (born October 10, 1731, Nice, France—died February 24, 1810, London, England), natural philosopher, the greatest experimental and theoretical English chemist and physicist of his age.
Henry Cavendish, (born Oct. 10, 1731, Nice, France—died Feb. 24, 1810, London, Eng.), English physicist and chemist. A millionaire by inheritance, he lived as a recluse most of his life.
Learn about the life and scientific legacy of Henry Cavendish, the discoverer of hydrogen and the man who \"weighed the world\" with his torsion balance. Find out how he became a leading figure in chemistry, physics, astronomy and more, and why he was called \"the foremost British natural philosopher of his age\".
Henry Cavendish was a natural philosopher, the greatest experimental and theoretical English chemist and physicist of his age. He made important discoveries in chemistry and physics, such as the first to recognize hydrogen gas as a distinct substance, the law of electrical attraction and repulsion, and the density of the Earth. He also calculated the gravitational constant and the mass of the Earth.
Henry Cavendish was a natural philosopher and experimentalist who made fundamental contributions to the fields of physics, chemistry, and astronomy. He was descended from dukes and a prominent figure in the Royal Society. He derived his ideas from Newton and studied the forces of particles, heat, gravity, and magnetism. He published few papers but left behind a vast body of unpublished work.
The experiment was performed in 1797–98 by the English scientist Henry Cavendish to measure Earth’s density.
Henry Cavendish was the first to isolate and identify hydrogen as a unique element in 1766, using a device called the Cavendish experiment. He also worked on other gases, such as carbon dioxide, and calculated the density and mass of the Earth. Learn more about his life, achievements, and legacy in this article.
Henry Cavendish's experiments determining the density of the Earth were published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Societyin 1798. His method, following a procedure obtained from his friend John Michell, consisted of using a torsional spring to find the gravitational force between lead spheres smaller than 1 foot in