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  2. John I of Portugal - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_I_of_Portugal

    Early life. John was born in Lisbon as the natural son of King Peter I of Portugal by a woman named Teresa, who, according to the royal chronicler Fernão Lopes in the Chronicle of the King D. Pedro I, was a noble Galician.In the 18th century, António Caetano de Sousa found a 16th-century document in the archives of the Torre do Tombo in which she was named as Teresa Lourenço.

  3. John I | king of Portugal | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/biography/John-I-king-of-Portugal

    John I, bynames the Prince of Fond Memory, John of Aviz, John the Great, and John the Bastard, Portuguese o Principe de Boa Memória, João de Aviz, João o Grande, and João o Bastardo, (born April 11, 1357, Lisbon—died August 14, 1433, Lisbon), king of Portugal from 1385 to 1433, who preserved his country’s independence from Castile and initiated Portugal’s overseas expansion. He was ...

  4. John I summary | Britannica

    www.britannica.com/summary/John-I-king-of-Portugal

    John I, Portuguese João known as John of Aviz, (born April 11, 1357, Lisbon—died Aug. 14, 1433, Lisbon), King of Portugal (1385–1433) and founder of the Aviz dynasty. The illegitimate son of Pedro I, he was elected king in 1385 despite the rivalry of Castilian candidates.

  5. John I of Portugal Biography - King of Portugal (1385-1433), the...

    pantheon.world/profile/person/John_I_of_Portugal

    John I (Portuguese: João [ʒuˈɐ̃w̃]; 11 April 1357 – 14 August 1433), also called John of Aviz, was King of Portugal from 1385 until his death in 1433. He is recognized chiefly for his role in Portugal's victory in a succession war with Castile, preserving his country's independence and establishing the Aviz (or Joanine) dynasty on the Portuguese throne.

  6. John I of Portugal - The European Middle Ages

    theeuropeanmiddleages.com/portugal/john-i-of-portugal

    Fortunately for John of Aviz, he had more support than Queen Leanor. John was known as an intelligent, wealthy, and respected man. On the other hand, Leonor had an infamous reputation, and many viewed her as a traitor for her support of Juan I. In December 1383, John’s nationalist group invaded the royal palace, beginning the Portuguese Interregnum. In response, the queen fled the Portuguese capital of Lisbon for Castile.

  7. João 'o Bom' de Avis, I (1358 - 1433) - Genealogy - geni family...

    www.geni.com/people/John-of-Aviz/6000000000307262728

    Juan de Borgoña y Castro (¿?, 1349 - Salamanca, Castilla, 1387). Infante de Portugal y duque de Valencia de Campos. Hijo de Pedro I el Justiciero y de la noble gallega Inés de Castro. Juan fue uno de los potenciales candidatos a la corona portuguesa durante la crisis de 1383-1385. Considerálo como Infante de Portugal es una controversia.

  8. King John Joao I of Portugal - LisbonLisboaPortugal.com

    lisbonlisboaportugal.com/Lisbon-information/John_I_Portugal.html

    King John I of Portugal (Joao I) was the first Portuguese king of the House of Aviz, who came to power after the Portuguese Interregnum of 1383 to 1385. King John’s rule of just under fifty years between 6 April 1385 to 14 August 1433 brought stability and economic prosperity to Portugal.

  9. 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/John I. of Portugal

    en.wikisource.org/wiki/1911_Encyclopædia_Britannica/John_I._of_Portugal

    JOHN I. (1357–1433), king of Portugal, the natural son of Pedro I. ( el Justicieiro ), was born at Lisbon on the 22nd of April 1357, and in 1364 was created grand-master of Aviz. On the death of his lawful brother Ferdinand I., without male issue, in October 1383, strenuous efforts were made to secure the succession for Beatrice, the only ...

  10. John I of Castile - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_I_of_Castile

    John I of Castile, accompanied by allied French cavalry, then entered Portugal again by way of Ciudad Rodrigo and Celorico in July 1385 to conquer Lisbon and remove John I from the Portuguese throne, but the disastrous defeats suffered by his army in Trancoso and at the Battle of Aljubarrota in May and August 1385 had ended any possibility of his reigning as king of Portugal. He fled to Santarém and from there down the Tagus to meet the fleet near Lisbon.

  11. Philippa of Lancaster - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippa_of_Lancaster

    John (13 January 1400 – 18 October 1442), Constable of Portugal, Lord of Reguengos, grandfather of two 16th-century Iberian monarchs (Manuel I of Portugal and Isabella I of Castile). Ferdinand (29 September 1402 – 5 June 1443), called "the Saint Prince", a warrior who was captured during the Disaster of Tangier in 1437 and died a prisoner of the Moors.