John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore PC (1730 – 25 February 1809) was a Scottish peer, military officer, and colonial administrator in the Thirteen Colonies and The Bahamas. He was the last royal governor of Virginia. Dunmore was named governor of New York in 1770.
John Murray, 4th earl of Dunmore, British royal governor of Virginia on the eve of the American Revolution. A descendant of the Scottish house of Stuart, he was the eldest son of William Murray, the 3rd earl, whom he succeeded in 1756. He sat in the House of Lords from 1761 to 1770 and then was.
The British surrender at Yorktown diverts John Murray, fourth earl of Dunmore's expedition of loyalists to Charleston, South Carolina, where he unsuccessfully develops schemes for continuing the war with Loyalist volunteers and advocates raising more black troops.
John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809) was a British peer and colonial governor. He was the son of William Murray, 3rd Earl of Dunmore, and his wife Catherine (née Murray). He is best remembered as the last royal governor of the Colony of Virginia. Early career He was born in Scotland in 1732.
John Murray, fourth Earl of Dunmore (1732–1809), was Virginia's last royal governor. He became a hero among Virginians for walking on foot and carrying his own pack during the Indian war of 1774 that bore his name. Soon these same Virginians would hate him.
When John Murray 4th Earl of Dunmore was born in 1732, in Garmouth, Elginshire, Scotland, his father, William Murray, was 36 and his mother, Catherine Murray of Nairne, was 32. He married Lady Charlotte Stewart Countess of Dunmore on 21 February 1759, in Airth, Stirlingshire, Scotland.
Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Miniature Portrait of John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore. On November 7, 1775, he issued a proclamation that shocked Virginians, offering freedom to slaves and indentured servants who would leave their masters to fight with the British. Departure from the colonies
John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore date created: 1765 materials: Oil on canvas measurements: 238.10 x 146.20 cm; Framed: 269.00 x 176.30 x 8.00 cm object type: Painting credit line: Purchased 1992 with contributions from Art Fund and the National Heritage Memorial Fund accession number: PG 2895 gallery:
On November 7, 1775, John Murray, fourth Earl of Dunmore and governor of the British colony of Virginia, wrote the document known as Dunmore’s Proclamation.
John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732-1809), was the British colonial governor of Virginia during the dramatic years preceding the American Revolution. John Murray, descended from the French line of Stuarts, succeeded to his father's title in 1765.