Karl Dönitz (sometimes spelled Doenitz; German: [ˈdøːnɪts] ; 16 September 1891 – 24 December 1980) was a German admiral who briefly succeeded Adolf Hitler as head of state in May 1945, holding the position until the dissolution of the Flensburg Government following Germany's unconditional surrender to the Allies days later.
Karl Dönitz, (born September 16, 1891, Grünau-bei-Berlin, Germany—died December 24, 1980, Aumühle, West Germany), German naval officer and creator of Germany’s World War II U-boat fleet who for a few days succeeded Adolf Hitler as German head of state. During World War I, Dönitz served as a submarine officer in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. In the aftermath of Hitler’s accession to power, Dönitz clandestinely supervised—despite the Treaty of Versailles ’s absolute ban ...
Dönitz was born in 1891 in Grünau, Germany. The son of middle class parents, Dönitz began his military career in 1910 when he enlisted in the German Imperial Navy. He received a commission in 1913 and requested a transfer to the burgeoning German submarine force in 1916. Dönitz took command of U-boat UB-68 in 1918.
In 1943, Dönitz was appointed Commander in Chief of the German War Navy. In May 1945, after Hitler committed suicide, Dönitz was appointed Reich President. At the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, Dönitz was found guilty on counts two and three (crimes against peace and war crimes). He was sentenced to ten years imprisonment.
Updated on March 07, 2018. The son of Emil and Anna Doenitz, Karl Doenitz was born at Berlin on September 16, 1891. Following his education, he enlisted as a sea cadet in the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial German Navy) April 4, 1910, and was promoted to midshipman a year later. A gifted officer, he completed his exams and was commissioned as an acting second lieutenant on September 23, 1913.
Karl Dönitz. Commander of the German Navy and Submarine Force under Hitler. Planned U-Boat operations. Succeeded Hitler in 1945. Sentenced to 10 years in prison by Nuremberg court. Karl Dnitz served aboard submarines in World War I. He was appointed chief of the Submarine Force in 1935. Dönitz was made a rear admiral in 1939. During World War II he planned and led the U-boat war against the allies in the North Atlantic.
Doenitz is indicted on Counts One, Two and Three. In 1935 he took command of the first U-boat flotilla commissioned since 1918, became in 1936 commander of the submarine arm, was made Vice-Admiral in 1940, Admiral in 1942, and on 30th January, 1943, Commander-in-Chief of the German Navy. On 1st May, 1945, he became the Head of State, succeeding Hitler.
Karl Dönitz. Birth. 16 Sep 1891. Grunau, Treptow-Köpenick, Berlin, Germany. Death. 24 Dec 1980 (aged 89) Aumuhle, Kreis Herzogtum Lauenburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. Burial.
Karl Dönitz was a German naval leader, famous for his command of the Kriegsmarine during World War II and for his twenty-three day term as President of Germany after Adolf Hitler’s suicide. Dönitz was born near Berlin. He entered the Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) in 1911. During World War I, he served on surface ships before transferring to submarines.
Dönitz was sentenced to ten years in prison, but he was released in 1956 due to poor health. He died in December 1980 at the age of 89. In conclusion, Karl Dönitz was a significant figure in the history of Nazi Germany and played a key role in the planning and execution of the German U-boat campaign during World War II.