Maria Alexandrovna Spiridonova (Russian: Мари́я Алекса́ндровна Спиридо́нова; 16 October 1884 – 11 September 1941) was a Narodnik-inspired Russian revolutionary. In 1906, as a novice member of a local combat group of the Tambov Socialists-Revolutionaries (SRs) ,  she assassinated a security official.
Maria Spiridonova. In 1920, Spiridonova was arrested by the Bolsheviks. According to Leonid Laparenok: "Spiridonova was taken from her bed while sick with typhus. She was kept in the prison hospital, but later was transferred to a mental institution where Maria went on a hunger strike.
SPIRIDONOVA, MARIA ALEXANDROVNA. (1884 – 1941), Socialist Revolutionary terrorist and Left Socialist Revolutionary leader who spent most of her life in prison or exile because of her popular appeal as a revolutionary heroine. Maria Spiridonova, daughter of a non-hereditary noble in Tambov Province, became a public symbol of heroic martyrdom ...
Quick Reference. (1884–1941), an icon of the Russian Revolutions of 1905 and 1917. Maria Alexandrovna Spiridonova combined womanly virtue with the heroism of oppositional terrorism. Born the daughter of a nonhereditary noble ... From: Spiridonova, Maria in The Oxford Encyclopedia of Women in World History ».
Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Spiridonova, Maria (1884–1941)Political assassin who was a hero to the Russian peasantry and a leader of an abortive coup against the fledgling Bolshevik government in 1918. Name variations: Mariya Spiridovna or Spiridinova.
Before the Revolution, Russia’s most celebrated political terrorist was a young woman, yet her name is almost forgotten now: Maria Spiridonova. In 1905 Spiridonova joined the Socialist Revolutionary Party in the provincial town of Tambov. The following year, she stalked a local official, G.N. Luzhenovsky.
Maria Alexandrovna Spiridonova was a Narodnik-inspired Russian revolutionary. In 1906, as a novice member of a local combat group of the Tambov Socialists-Revolutionaries , she assassinated a security official. Her subsequent abuse by police earned her enormous popularity with the opponents of Tsarism throughout the empire and even abroad.
Maria Spiridonova's "Last Testament" ALEXANDER RABINOWITCH Maria Spiridonova is one of the Russian Revolution's most interesting and important, yet tragic and little-known figures. A prototype revolutionary terrorist in late Tsarist times, she became a leader of the radical agrarian socialist Left SR party after the
In August 1917, Maria Spiridonova advocated scuttling the Constituent Assembly and forming an SR-only government, but she was not supported by Chernov and his followers. This spurred the formation a small breakaway faction of the SR party known as the "Left SRs".
Some of the most well-known women revolutionaries of the 19th century include Vera Zasulich, Maria Spiridonova, Vera Figner and Ekaterina Breshko-Breshkovskaia (Catherine Breshkovsky).