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  2. Montesquieu - Wikipedia

    Montesquieu argues that each Power should only exercise its own functions; he is quite explicit here: When in the same person or in the same body of magistracy the legislative authority is combined with the executive authority, there is no freedom, because one can fear lest the same monarch or the same senate make tyrannical laws in order to carry them out tyrannically.

  3. Baron de Montesquieu, Charles-Louis de Secondat. First published Fri Jul 18, 2003; substantive revision Wed Apr 2, 2014. Montesquieu was one of the great political philosophers of the Enlightenment. Insatiably curious and mordantly funny, he constructed a naturalistic account of the various forms of government, and of the causes that made them what they were and that advanced or constrained their development.

  4. Montesquieu - Major works | Britannica

    Montesquieu took care (as his critics have not always realized) to insist that climate is but one of many factors in an assembly of secondary causes that he called the “general spirit.” The other factors (laws, religion , and maxims of government being the most important) are of a nonphysical nature, and their influence, compared with that of climate, grows as civilization advances.

  5. Montesquieu |

    Montesquieu did experiments in natural history and physiology. The academy gave him a distaste for prejudice, a priori reasoning, and teleological arguments; from it he acquired a pre-disposition to materialism. The “Persian Letters.” In his Bordeaux period Montesquieu began the Persian Letters, which was published anonymously in Amsterdam in 1721.

  6. Charles-Louis de Secondat - Beliefs, Philosophy & Facts - ...

    Montesquieu died of a fever in Paris on February 10, 1755. Although he had fathered two daughters and a son with his wife, he had been devoted to his work. He was regarded as genial and generous,...

  7. Montesquieu Beliefs & Ideas | Montesquieu's Separation of Powers...

    Montesquieu was an important French philosopher who lived from 1689 until 1755 and contributed to philosophy during the 18th century's Enlightenment period, an important period of philosophical...

  8. Montesquieu - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre

    Charles Louis de Secondat, señor de la Brède y barón de Montesquieu fue un filósofo y jurista francés cuya obra se desarrolla en el contexto del movimiento intelectual y cultural conocido como la Ilustración. Su pensamiento debe ser enmarcado dentro del espíritu crítico de la Ilustración francesa, patente en rasgos como la tolerancia religiosa, la aspiración de libertad y su concepto de la felicidad en el sentido cívico, si bien se desmarcará de otros autores de la época por su ...

  9. Montesquieu Quotes (Author of Persian Letters) - Goodreads

    181 quotes from Montesquieu: 'I have never known any distress that an hour’s reading did not relieve.', 'There is no greater tyranny than that which is perpetrated under the shield of the law and in the name of justice.

  10. Separation of powers | Definition & Facts | Britannica

    The first modern formulation of the doctrine was that of the French political philosopher Montesquieu in Separation of powers | Definition & Facts | Britannica separation of powers, division of the legislative, executive, and judicial functions of government among separate and independent bodies.

  11. The Spirit of Law - Wikipedia

    Montesquieu said he spent twenty years researching and writing De l'esprit des lois, covering a huge range of topics including law, social life and the study of anthropology. In this treatise Montesquieu argues that political institutions need, for their success, to reflect the social and geographical aspects of the particular community.