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  1. Paul Alexander Baran (/ ˈ b æ r ən /; 25 August 1909 – 26 March 1964) was an American Marxist economist. In 1951 Baran was promoted to full professor at Stanford University and Baran was the only tenured Marxian economist in the United States until his death in 1964.

    Paul A. Baran - Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_A._Baran

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  3. Paul Baran - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Baran

    He was born in Grodno (then Second Polish Republic, since 1945 part of Belarus) on April 29, 1926. [3] [4] He was the youngest of three children in his Lithuanian Jewish family, [5] with the Yiddish given name "Pesach". His family moved to the United States on May 11, 1928, [6] settling in Boston and later in Philadelphia, where his father, Morris "Moshe" Baran (1884–1979), opened a grocery store.

  4. Paul Baran, (born April 29, 1926, Grodno, Poland [now Hrodna, Belarus]—died March 26, 2011, Palo Alto, California, U.S.), American electrical engineer, inventor of the distributed network and, contemporaneously with British computer scientist Donald Davies, of data packet switching across distributed networks.

  5. Paul A. Baran - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_A._Baran

    Paul Alexander Baran (/ ˈ b æ r ən /; 25 August 1909 – 26 March 1964) was an American Marxist economist. In 1951 Baran was promoted to full professor at Stanford University and Baran was the only tenured Marxian economist in the United States until his death in 1964.

  6. Paul Baran and the Origins of the Internet | RAND

    www.rand.org/about/history/baran.html

    Paul Baran, a researcher at RAND, offered a solution: design a more robust communications network using “redundancy” and “digital” technology. At the time, naysayers dismissed Baran's idea as unfeasible. But working with colleagues at RAND, Baran persisted. This effort would eventually become the foundation for the World Wide Web.

  7. Paul Baran – Complete Biography, History, and Inventions

    history-computer.com/paul-baran-complete-biography

    Born on April 29, 1926, Paul Baran was an American inventor, economist, and electrical engineer who, alongside Leonard Kleinrock and Donald Davies, can be credited as the inventors of digital packet switching networks that dominantly formed the basis of the internet. Paul Brana: inventor, economist, and the father of the internet.

  8. Paul Baran - Internet Hall of Fame

    www.internethalloffame.org/inductee/paul-baran

    An Internet pioneer, Paul Baran invented packet switching techniques that can be credited with playing a key role in the development of the Internet. Born in Poland, Paul immigrated to the US, where he graduated from Drexel University in 1949 with a degree in electrical engineering. He would later get his Masters in engineering at UCLA while working for Hughes Aircraft.

  9. Paul Baran, computer technologist and entrepreneur, was responsible for one of the fundamental concepts that enable today’s advanced computer networking systems: digital packet-switching. As such, he has sometimes been referred to as one of the “grandfathers of the Internet.” Baran was born in Poland on April 29, 1926.

  10. Paul Baran developed a fundamental concept behind today's advanced communications networking systems: digital packet switching. Baran was born in Grodno, Poland and came to the U.S. at the age of two. In 1949, he earned his B.S. in electrical engineering from Drexel University and his M.S. from the University of California at Los Angeles in 1959. Following his graduation from UCLA, Baran was at the RAND Corporation where he designed a communication network to survive a first strike from the ...

  11. Official Biography: Paul Baran | Internet Hall of Fame

    www.internethalloffame.org/official-biography-paul-baran

    Paul Baran was born on April 29, 1926 in Grodno, Poland (now USSR). He received a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University in 1949, and an M.S. in Engineering (Computers) from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1959. In 1949, Mr. Baran joined the Eckert-Mauchley Computer Company, where he was a technician on the first commercial computer, the UNIVAC.

  12. Paul Baran’s economic surplus concept, the Baran Ratio, and the...

    business.louisville.edu/faculty-research/research-publications/paul-barans...

    In The Political Economy of Growth and in an article he wrote several years earlier, the economist Paul A. Baran noted how, in an economic system characterized by a hierarchy of classes where economic and political power is concentrated at the top, the output and income beyond what is consumed by most people (food, clothing, housing, public safety, education, and so on) mostly goes to the highest class. This extra portion is what he called the economic surplus, a form of savings or income ...