nicola sacco ( pronounced [niˈkɔːla ˈsakko]; april 22, 1891 – august 23, 1927) and bartolomeo vanzetti ( pronounced [bartoloˈmɛːo vanˈtsetti, -ˈdzet-]; june 11, 1888 – august 23, 1927) were italian immigrant anarchists who were controversially accused of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the april 15, 1920, armed robbery of the slater and …
Nicola Sacco was born in Southern Italy in 1891. He arrived in the United States in 1908. Sacco worked as a skilled craftsman at several shoe factories. At the time of his arrest, Sacco and his wife, Rosina, had one son, Dante, and were expecting a second child. Bartolomeo Vanzetti Bartolomeo Vanzetti was born in northern Italy in 1888.
Sacco and Vanzetti, in full Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, defendants in a controversial murder trial in Massachusetts, U.S. (1921–27), that resulted in their executions. The trial resulted from the murders in South Braintree, Massachusetts, on April 15, 1920, of F.A. Parmenter, paymaster of a shoe factory, and Alessandro Berardelli, the guard accompanying him, in order to secure the payroll that they were carrying.
Alibi evidence. Sacco and Vanzetti each offered evidence of an alibi. Sacco testified that on April 15, 1920, he had taken the day off from work and traveled to Boston to request a passport from the Italian consulate. Several witnesses testified that they saw Sacco en route to Boston or in Boston .
A Norfolk County grand jury indicted Sacco and Vanzetti for the Braintree robbery and murders on September 11, 1920. The trial began in the Dedham courthouse on May 31, 1921. Superior Court Judge Webster Thayer presided. District Attorney Katzmann was the prosecutor and Fred H. Moore was lead defense counsel. Judge Webster Thayer
Boston Daily Advertiser, August 23, 1927. Sacco and Vanzetti were electrocuted at Charlestown State Prison on August 23, 1927. (Madeiros was also electrocuted that same night for the murder of a bank cashier, a crime wholly unrelated to the South Braintree robbery and murders.) Because Sacco had been on a hunger strike his body had lost salt and water, elements that conduct electricity.
On May 4, 1920, the day before their arrest, Sacco and Vanzetti had learned of the May 3 death of anarchist Andrea Salsedo while in federal custody. Many believed--and newspapers reported--that Salsedo had provided incriminating information about fellow anarchists to the police.
Sacco and Vanzetti executed Despite worldwide demonstrations in support of their innocence, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are executed for murder on August 23,...
On April 29, 1920, several days before the arrests of Sacco and Vanzetti, Attorney General Palmer warned the nation that the Department of Justice had uncovered plots against the lives of over twenty federal and state officials as part of planned May Day (May 1st) celebrations.