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  2. Voltaire - Wikipedia

    François-Marie Arouet (French: [fʁɑ̃swa maʁi aʁwɛ]; 21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume M. de Voltaire (/ v ɒ l ˈ t ɛər, v oʊ l-/; also US: / v ɔː l-/; French: [vɔltɛːʁ]), was a French Enlightenment writer, philosopher , satirist, and historian.

  3. Voltaire (born November 21, 1694, Paris, France—died May 30, 1778, Paris) one of the greatest of all French writers. Although only a few of his works are still read, he continues to be held in worldwide repute as a courageous crusader against tyranny , bigotry , and cruelty.

  4. 10 Things You Should Know About Voltaire | HISTORY

    On the anniversary of Voltaire’s birth, learn 10 things you may not know about one of the 18th century’s most quotable and controversial thinkers.

  5. Voltaire (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

    François-Marie d’Arouet (1694–1778), better known by his pen name Voltaire, was a French writer and public activist who played a singular role in defining the eighteenth-century movement called the Enlightenment. At the center of his work was a new conception of philosophy and the philosopher that in several crucial respects influenced the ...

  6. Life and works of Voltaire | Britannica

    Voltaire , orig. François-Marie Arouet, (born Nov. 21, 1694, Paris, France—died May 30, 1778, Paris), French writer. Voltaire studied law but abandoned it to become a writer. He became acclaimed for his tragedies and continued to write for the theatre all his life.

  7. Biography of Voltaire, French Enlightenment Writer - ThoughtCo

    Amanda Prahl. Updated on August 16, 2020. Born François-Marie Arouet, Voltaire (November 21, 1694 – May 30, 1778) was a writer and philosopher of the French Enlightenment period. He was an incredibly prolific writer, advocating for civil freedoms and criticizing major institutions such as the Catholic Church.

  8. Voltaire Biography, Works, and Quotes | SparkNotes

    Voltaire Biography. François-Marie Arouet, later known by his pen name, Voltaire, was born in 1694 to a middle-class Parisian family. At that time, Louis XIV was king of France, and the vast majority of his subjects lived in crushing poverty. When François-Marie came of age, the French aristocracy ruled with an iron fist.