François-Marie Arouet (French: [fʁɑ̃swa maʁi aʁwɛ]; 21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume M. de Voltaire (/ v ɒ l ˈ t ɛər, v oʊ l-/; also US: / v ɔː l-/; French: [vɔltɛːʁ]), was a French Enlightenment writer, philosopher , satirist, and historian.
Voltaire (born November 21, 1694, Paris, France—died May 30, 1778, Paris) one of the greatest of all French writers. Although only a few of his works are still read, he continues to be held in worldwide repute as a courageous crusader against tyranny , bigotry , and cruelty.
On the anniversary of Voltaire’s birth, learn 10 things you may not know about one of the 18th century’s most quotable and controversial thinkers.
François-Marie d’Arouet (1694–1778), better known by his pen name Voltaire, was a French writer and public activist who played a singular role in defining the eighteenth-century movement called the Enlightenment. At the center of his work was a new conception of philosophy and the philosopher that in several crucial respects influenced the ...
Voltaire , orig. François-Marie Arouet, (born Nov. 21, 1694, Paris, France—died May 30, 1778, Paris), French writer. Voltaire studied law but abandoned it to become a writer. He became acclaimed for his tragedies and continued to write for the theatre all his life.
Amanda Prahl. Updated on August 16, 2020. Born François-Marie Arouet, Voltaire (November 21, 1694 – May 30, 1778) was a writer and philosopher of the French Enlightenment period. He was an incredibly prolific writer, advocating for civil freedoms and criticizing major institutions such as the Catholic Church.
Voltaire Biography. François-Marie Arouet, later known by his pen name, Voltaire, was born in 1694 to a middle-class Parisian family. At that time, Louis XIV was king of France, and the vast majority of his subjects lived in crushing poverty. When François-Marie came of age, the French aristocracy ruled with an iron fist.