Sir William Ramsay KCB FRS FRSE ( / ˈræmzi /; 2 October 1852 – 23 July 1916) was a Scottish chemist who discovered the noble gases and received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1904 "in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air" along with his collaborator, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, who recei...
Sir William Ramsay, (born Oct. 2, 1852, Glasgow, Scot.—died July 23, 1916, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, Eng.), British physical chemist who discovered four gases (neon, argon, krypton, xenon) and showed that they (with helium and radon) formed an entire family of new elements, the noble gases.
The Scottish chemist William Ramsay (1852–1916) is known for work that introduced a whole new group to the periodic table, variously called over time the inert, rare, or noble gases. In the last decade of the 19th century he and the famous physicist Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt, 1842–1919)—already known for his work on sound, light ...
Sir William Ramsay died at High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, on July 23, 1916. From Nobel Lectures, Chemistry 1901-1921, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1966. This autobiography/biography was written at the time of the award and first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel .
Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive. Sir William Ramsay. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1904. Born: 2 October 1852, Glasgow, Scotland. Died: 23 July 1916, High Wycombe, United Kingdom. Affiliation at the time of the award: University College, London, United Kingdom.
William Ramsay died, age 63, of nasal cancer in High Wycombe, England, UK, on July 23, 1916. He was survived by his wife and their two children. He was buried in the Holy Trinity Churchyard in Hazlemere. After Ramsay’s death, his colleague Frederick Soddy, who later won the 1921 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, wrote:
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1904 was awarded to Sir William Ramsay "in recognition of his services in the discovery of the inert gaseous elements in air, and his determination of their place in the periodic system"
The British chemist and educator Sir William Ramsay (1852-1916) discovered the rare gases and did important work in thermodynamics. William Ramsay was born at Queen's Crescent, Glasgow, on Oct. 2, 1852. Both his father, a civil engineer, William Ramsay, and his mother, Catharine Robertson Ramsay, came from families noted for scientific ...
physical chemistry. Ramsay is best known for his discovery and isolation of the family of inert gases of the atmosphere. For this experimental work, along with the theoretical work that situated these elements in the periodic system, he was awarded the 1904 Nobel Prize in chemistry.
The story of neon begins in the 1890s, with Scottish chemist Sir William Ramsay. Best known as the codiscoverer of four of the noble gases (neon, argon, krypton, and xenon), Ramsay also isolated and characterized helium and radon, the other two noble gases, winning the Nobel Prize for his efforts.