Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189), also known as Henry Curtmantle (French: Court-manteau), Henry FitzEmpress, and Henry Plantagenet, was King of England from 1154 until his death in 1189. At various points in his life, he controlled England , large parts of Wales , the eastern half of Ireland , and the western half of France , an area ...
Henry II was king of England from 1154 to 1189. The first of three Angevin kings of England, he expanded the Anglo-French domains and strengthened the royal administration. His quarrels with the archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket, and with various family members (including his son, Richard the Lionheart) ultimately brought about his defeat.
Frederick II, byname Frederick the Great, German Friedrich der Grosse, (born January 24, 1712, Berlin, Prussia [Germany]—died August 17, 1786, Potsdam, near Berlin), king of Prussia (1740–86), a brilliant military campaigner who, in a series of diplomatic stratagems and wars against Austria and other powers, greatly enlarged Prussia’s territories …
Henry died of disease on 6th July 1189, deserted by his remaining sons who continued to war against him. Although not a glorious end to his reign, it is Henry II’s legacy that remains proud. His empire building laid the foundation for England and later, Britain’s ability to become a global power.
Henry II of England, also known as Henry II Curtmantle(Le Mans, France, 5 March 1133 – Chinon, France, 6 July 1189) was also Countof Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Nantes, Lordof Irelandand, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotlandand western France.
Henry of Anjou is crowned king of England at Westminster Abbey to become Henry II of England . 1155 Thomas Becket is appointed chancellor by Henry II of England . 1155 Birth of Henry the Young King, son of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine . 8 Sep 1157 Birth of Richard I of England, son of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine
Henry II, also known as Henry Curtmantle or Henry FitzEmpress, was the King of England (1154–89) and the founder of the Plantagenet dynasty that would rule over the country for almost 300 years after him. His various other titles included Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Count of Nantes, and Lord of Ireland.
Henry appointed his Chancellor, Thomas Becket, to the post of Archbishop of Canterbury. Henry hoped that his friend Becket would help him to reduce the power of the church. 1162: Church Reforms: Henry accused the clergy of being too lenient in the punishment of wrongdoers within their own ranks.
Henry II ruled over an empire which stretched from the Scottish border to the Pyrenees. One of the strongest, most energetic and imaginative rulers, Henry was the inheritor of three dynasties who had acquired Aquitaine by marriage; his charters listed them: 'King of the English, Duke of the Normans and Aquitanians and Count of the Angevins'.